Spinning and rolling torques were measured in an angular-contact ball bearing with and without a cage under several lubrication regimes in a modified NASA spinning torque apparatus. Two lubricants were used—a di-2 ethylhexyl sebacate and a synthetic paraffinic oil, at shaft speeds of 1000, 2000, and 3000 rpm and bearing loads from 45 newtons (10 lb) to 403 newtons (90 lb). An analytical model was developed from previous spinning friction models to include rolling with spinning under lubrication regimes from thin film to flooded conditions. The bearing torque values have a wide variation, under any condition of speed and load, depending on the amount of lubricant present in the bearing. The analytical model compared favorably with experimental results under several lubrication regimes.
Study of Ball Bearing Torque Under Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication
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Townsend, D. P., Allen, C. W., and Zaretsky, E. V. (October 1, 1974). "Study of Ball Bearing Torque Under Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication." ASME. J. of Lubrication Tech. October 1974; 96(4): 561–570. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3452491
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