In this work a method is presented for the synthesis of high capacity noninvolute spur gears and tooth profiles. Two gear capacity criteria are used in the synthesis: (1) the capacity based on maximum allowable Hertz stress and (2) the capacity based on the bending strength of the tooth. These capacity criteria are related to a generalized noninvolute gear geometry which includes the factors number of teeth and contact ratio. It was found that there are certain optimal relationships which exist among the noninvolute parameters which lead to a solution, for a maximum capacity noninvolute gear pair. For a speed ratio of one to five it was found that a significant capacity advantage exists for the synthesized noninvolute gear pair (compared to a 20-deg involute spur gear pair) for moderate as well as high hardness values. For a speed ratio of one to one a capacity advantage was found for moderate hardness but the advantage decreased significantly for high hardness.

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