Condensation pressure drops and heat transfer coefficients for refrigerant R134a flowing through rectangular microchannels with hydraulic diameters ranging from to are measured in small quality increments. The channels are fabricated on a copper substrate by electroforming copper onto a mask patterned by X-ray lithography and sealed by diffusion bonding. Subcooled liquid is electrically heated to the desired quality, followed by condensation in the test section. Downstream of the test section, another electric heater is used to heat the refrigerant to a superheated state. Energy balances on the preheaters and postheaters establish the refrigerant inlet and outlet states at the test section. Water at a high flow rate serves as the test-section coolant to ensure that the condensation side presents the governing thermal resistance. Heat transfer coefficients are measured for mass fluxes ranging from to for quality at several different saturation temperatures. Conjugate heat transfer analyses are conducted in conjunction with local pressure drop profiles to obtain accurate driving temperature differences and heat transfer coefficients. The effects of quality, mass flux, and saturation temperature on condensation pressure drops and heat transfer coefficients are illustrated through these experiments.
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Representative Results for Condensation Measurements at Hydraulic Diameters
Shell Global Solutions, Inc., Houston, TX 77210
George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering,
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0405
Agarwal, A., and Garimella, S. (February 22, 2010). "Representative Results for Condensation Measurements at Hydraulic Diameters ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. April 2010; 132(4): 041010. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000879
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