It has become apparent recently that the fluidic oscillators, also known as sweeping jets, can be used to create a combination of steady (streamwise vortices) and unsteady (spanwise vortices) forcing mechanisms which have the potential to fulfill many of the promises of active separation control. The fluidic oscillators contain no moving parts, but produce an unsteady component via a natural feedback loop inherent to their geometry. The oscillations are entirely self-induced and self-sustaining. Their simple and robust design and their effectiveness over a wide range of flow conditions make them more attractive than other flow control devices, such as synthetic jets and plasma actuators. Figure 1 shows the instantaneous jet generated in quiescent environment using the Improved Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation (IDDES) model, where the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) branch of the IDDES model is able to capture the turbulence structures properly.

An instantaneous iso-surface of vorticity magnitude, colored by streamwise velocity for flow over a wall-mounted hump is depicted in Figure 2. As expected, a massive flow separation occurs behind the hump in the uncontrolled condition (Figure 2 (a)), with a nearly two-dimensional free shear layer at the edge of the separation line. Breakdown of the shear layer by an array of sweeping jets located slightly downstream of the separation line is seen in Figure 2 (b), which is followed by the elimination of the separation region behind hump. The three-dimensional structures generated by the sweeping jets are smaller and closer to the hump wall than those produced by the steady jets shown in Figure 2 (c). Presence of a large region of reversed flow near the hump wall in its aft section is also seen in the case of the steady jet. This study indicates a superior effectiveness of sweeping jets on separated flows.

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