The fundamental characteristics of rotordynamic fluid force moment on the backshroud of a Francis turbine runner in precession motion were studied using model tests and computations based on a bulk flow model. The runner is modeled by a disk positioned close to a casing with a small axial clearance. An inward leakage flow is produced by an external pump in the model test. The effects of the leakage flow rate, the preswirl velocity at the inlet of the clearance, and the axial clearance on the fluid force moment were examined. It was found that the fluid force moment encourages the precession motion at small forward precession angular velocity ratios and the region encouraging the precession motion is affected by the preswirl velocity. Through the comparisons of the fluid force moment with and without the rotation of the disk, it was found that the normal moment without the disk rotation did not have the effect to encourage the precession motion. Thus, the swirl flow due to disk rotation was found to be responsible for the encouragement of the precession motion.
Fluid Force Moment on the Backshroud of a Francis Turbine Runner in Precession Motion
Song, B., Horiguchi, H., Nishiyama, Y., Hata, S., Ma, Z., and Tsujimoto, Y. (May 13, 2010). "Fluid Force Moment on the Backshroud of a Francis Turbine Runner in Precession Motion." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. May 2010; 132(5): 051108. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4001618
Download citation file: