The performance of centrifugal compressors can be seriously degraded by inlet flow distortions that result from an unsatisfactory inlet configuration. In this present work, the flow is numerically simulated and the flow details are analyzed and discussed in order to understand the performance behavior of the compressor exposed to different inlet configurations. In a previous work, complementary to this present work, experimental tests were carried out for the comparison of a centrifugal compressor stage performance with two different inlet configurations: one of which was a straight pipe with constant cross-sectional area and the other a 90-deg curved pipe with nozzle shape. The comparative test results indicated significant compressor stage performance difference between the two different inlet configurations. Steady-state compressor stage simulation including the impeller and diffuser with three different inlets has been carried out to investigate the influence of each inlet type on the compressor performance. The three different inlet systems included a proposed and improved inlet model. The flow from the bend inlet is not axisymmetric in the circumferential and radial distortion, thus the diffuser and the impeller are modeled with fully 360-deg passages.
The Inlet Flow Structure of a Centrifugal Compressor Stage and Its Influence on the Compressor Performance
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division July 30, 2001; revised manuscript received Apr. 26, 2003. Associate Editor: E. W. Graf.
Engeda , A., Kim, Y., Aungier , R., and Direnzi, G. (October 7, 2003). "The Inlet Flow Structure of a Centrifugal Compressor Stage and Its Influence on the Compressor Performance ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. September 2003; 125(5): 779–785. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1601255
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