Abstract

Maximum total point motion (MTPM), the point on a baseplate that migrates the most, has been used to assess the risk of tibial baseplate loosening using radiostereometric analysis (RSA). Two methods for determining MTPM for model-based RSA are to use either five points distributed around the perimeter of the baseplate or to use all points on the three-dimensional model. The objectives were to quantify the mean difference in MTPM using five points versus all points, compute the percent error relative to the 6-month stability limit for groups of patients, and determine the dependency of differences in MTPM on baseplate size and shape. A dataset of 10,000 migration values was generated using the mean and standard deviation of migration in six-degrees-of-freedom at 6 months from an RSA study. The dataset was used to simulate the migration of three-dimensional models (two baseplate shapes and two baseplate sizes) and calculate the difference in MTPM using five virtual points versus all points and the percent error (i.e., the difference in MTPM/stability limit) relative to the 6-month stability limit. The difference in the MTPM was about 0.02 mm, or 4% relative to the 6-month stability limit, which is not clinically important. Furthermore, results were not affected by baseplate shape or size. Researchers can decide whether to use five points or all points when computing MTPM for model-based RSA. The authors recommend using five points to maintain consistency with marker-based RSA.

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