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research-article

Personalized Design of Functional Gradient Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffold

[+] Author and Article Information
Wei Chen

College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 29 Yudao St., Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China
cherrychen@nuaa.edu.cn

Ning Dai

College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 29 Yudao St., Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China
dai_ning@nuaa.edu.cn

Jinqiang Wang

College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 29 Yudao St., Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China
wangjq@nuaa.edu.cn

Hao Liu

College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 29 Yudao St., Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China
liuhao-01@nuaa.edu.cn

Dawei Li

College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 29 Yudao St., Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China
davidlee@nuaa.edu.cn

Lele Liu

College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 29 Yudao St., Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China
JeasonLiu@nuaa.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4043559 History: Received May 10, 2018; Revised April 18, 2019

Abstract

The porous structure of the natural bone not only has the characteristics of lightweight and high strength, but also is conducive to the growth of cells and tissues due to interconnected pores. In this paper, a novel gradient-controlled parametric modeling technology is presented to design bone tissue engineering (BTE) scaffold. First of all, the method functionalizes the pore distribution in the bone tissue, and reconstructs the pore distribution of the bone tissue in combination with the pathological analysis of the bone defect area of the individual patient. Then, based on the reconstructed pore distribution, the Voronoi segmentation algorithm and the contour interface optimization method are used to reconstruct the whole model of the bone tissue. Finally, the mechanical properties of the scaffold are studied by the finite element analysis (FEA) of different density gradient scaffolds. The results show that the method is highly feasible. BTE scaffold can be designed by irregular design methods and adjustment of pore distribution parameters, which is similar with natural bone in structural characteristics and biomechanical properties.

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