Measurement of Mechanical Characteristics of Tibial Periosteum and Evaluation of Local Differences

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Uchiyama, T. Sasaki

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo 060 Japan

K. Yamakoshi

Department of Human & Mechanical Systems Engineering, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920, Japan

J Biomech Eng 120(1), 85-91 (Feb 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2834311 History: Received February 13, 1996; Revised February 26, 1997; Online January 07, 2008


Stress–strain relationships of bovine tibial periosteum, harvested from anterior, medial, lateral, and posterior aspects of tibia, were successfully measured using a newly developed experimental system. Results showed a curvilinear stress–strain pattern having three regions, i.e., toe, almost linear, and rupture regions, which resembled those of biological soft tissues like ligaments, skin, etc. Tensile moduli in the toe region (Ee) and in the linear region (Ec) were obtained by linear regressional analyses. These values and the tensile strength (σt ) showed clear local differences. The values of Ee, Ec, and σt , in the longitudinal direction in the metaphyseal regions where ligaments or connective tissues attach were approximately two times larger than those in the diaphysis, where muscles or connective tissues attach. However, these properties in the metaphyseal and diaphyseal regions with muscle attachments were almost the same. In the transverse direction, these properties in the anterior proximal metaphysis were approximately two times larger than those in the diaphysis and in the distal metaphysis. In the other regions, these properties appeared not to be significantly different. These results clearly demonstrate that the mechanical properties of periosteum are strongly influenced by the ligament and muscle attachments.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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