A Mathematical Expression of Three-Dimensional Configuration of the Scoliotic Spine

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Kanayama, K. Kaneda, K. Abumi

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Kita-15, Nishi-7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060, Japan

S. Tadano, T. Ukai

Department of Mechanical Engineering II, Hokkaido University, Kita-15, Nishi-7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060, Japan

J Biomech Eng 118(2), 247-252 (May 01, 1996) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2795967 History: Received September 17, 1994; Revised January 25, 1995; Online October 30, 2007


Three-dimensional configuration of the scoliotic spine was mathematically expressed by a spatial curve passing through each vertebral centroid (“vertebral body line”). Three-dimensional location of the vertebral centroid was determined from digitization on the frontal and sagittal roentgenograms. Cobb angle, which is clinically used for measuring scoliosis curvature, was calculated in space to evaluate scoliosis deformity three-dimensionally. In forty-five scoliotic spines, regardless of curvature and curve patterns, the spinal configurations were excellently approximated by vertebral body lines. Vertebral body lines swerved from the sagittal plane at the end vertebrae, but aligned on a certain plane within the scoliosis region. Three-dimensional Cobb angle, which was larger than that in the frontal plane, can be utilized to evaluate the scoliosis deformity.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Topics: Scoliosis
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