Experimental Approaches on Measuring the Mechanical Properties and Constitutive Laws of Arterial Walls

[+] Author and Article Information
Kozaburo Hayashi

Department of Scientific Instrumentation and Control, Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060, Japan; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560, Japan

J Biomech Eng 115(4B), 481-488 (Nov 01, 1993) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2895528 History: Revised March 29, 1993; Online March 17, 2008


Studies on the elastic properties of arterial walls which have been done for the past two decades are surveyed briefly. After several in vitro and in vivo experimental methods and clinical techniques for the measurements of the mechanical behavior of arterial walls have been reviewed, data obtained of the basic characteristics of the arterial wall, including wall incompressiblity and anisotropy, are discussed. The author then reviews constitutive laws proposed for the description of stress-strain relationships of arterial walls and methods for the parametric expression of pressure-diameter data, and shows data on the effects of aging and vascular diseases on arterial mechanics. Finally, residual stress in the arterial wall is discussed.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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