Aortic Pressure Estimation With Electro-Mechanical Circulatory Assist Devices

[+] Author and Article Information
J. F. Gardner, M. Ignatoski, U. Tasch, A. J. Snyder, D. B. Geselowitz

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

J Biomech Eng 115(2), 187-194 (May 01, 1993) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2894120 History: Received October 01, 1991; Revised June 22, 1992; Online March 17, 2008


An adaptive technique for the estimation of the time history of aortic pressure (from applied voltage and position feedback) has been designed, implemented, and bench tested using the Penn State Electric Ventricular Assist Device (EVAD). This method, known in the field of automatic control as a dynamic observer, utilizes gains which were determined using experimental data collected while the EVAD was running on a mock circulatory system. An adaptive scheme provides the observer with a method of changing its initial conditions on a stroke-by-stroke basis which improves observer performance. In both determining the feedback gains and developing the adaptation scheme, a range of beat rates and pressure loads was taken into account to yield satisfactory observer performance over a range of operating conditions. The observer was implemented, its performance was verified in vitro and results are reported. In the six experimental operating conditions, the beat rate ranged from 56-104 beats per minute (bpm) and the span of the mean systolic aortic pressure was 10.7-18.7 kPa (80–140 mmHg). For these cases, the mean deviation between the actual and estimated aortic pressure during the latter two-thirds of systole was 0.41 kPa (3.1 mmHg).

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.





Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In