Theory on Thermal Probe Arrays for the Distinction Between the Convective and the Perfusive Modalities of Heat Transfer in Living Tissues

[+] Author and Article Information
H. Arkin, K. R. Holmes, M. M. Chen

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801

J Biomech Eng 109(4), 346-352 (Nov 01, 1987) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3138692 History: Received February 05, 1987; Revised October 01, 1987; Online June 12, 2009


Recent suggestions for an improved model of heat transfer in living tissues emphasize the existence of a convective mode due to flowing blood in addition to, or even instead of, the perfusive mode, as proposed in Pennes’ “classic” bioheat equation. In view of these suggestions, it might be beneficial to develop a technique that will enable one to distinguish between these two modes of bioheat transfer. To this end, a concept that utilizes a multiprobe array of thermistors in conjunction with a revised bioheat transfer equation has been derived to distinguish between, and to quantify the perfusive and convective contribution of blood to heat transfer in living tissues. The array consists of two or more temperature sensors one of which also serves to locally insert a short pulse of heat into the tissue prior to the temperature measurements. A theoretical analysis shows that such a concept is feasible. The construction of the system involves the selection of several important design parameters, i.e., the distance between the probes, the heating power, and the pulse duration. The choice of these parameters is based on computer simulations of the actual experiment.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
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