A Numerical Simulation of the Flow in a T-Type Bifurcation and Its Application to an “End to Side” Fistula

[+] Author and Article Information
G. Enden, U. Dinnar

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

M. Israeli

Department of Computer Science, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

J Biomech Eng 107(4), 321-326 (Nov 01, 1985) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3138564 History: Received May 01, 1984; Revised July 03, 1985; Online June 15, 2009


Some recent surgical procedures such as arteriovenous fistula, or coronary and cerebral by-passes were observed to yield counterdirectional branching blood flows. There is a lack of knowledge about the role of the counterdirectional flow ratio, the angle of anastomosis and the shear stresses in the process of thrombogenesis that leads to shunt occlusion. The program developed to simulate these hemodynamic conditions uses an efficient numerical scheme for the solution of the 2-D Navier-Stokes equations and can be easily adapted to flows in other geometrical configurations.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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