The Material Properties of Immature Bone

[+] Author and Article Information
P. A. Torzilli, K. Takebe

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan

A. H. Burstein, J. M. Zika

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio

K. G. Heiple

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio; Department of Biomechanics, The Hospital for Special Surgery, Affiliated with New York Hospital-Cornell University Medical College, New York, N.Y. 10021

J Biomech Eng 104(1), 12-20 (Feb 01, 1982) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3138297 History: Received February 23, 1981; Revised June 01, 1981; Online June 15, 2009


The age-related material properties of developing immature canine bone were determined for the femora, tibiae, humeri, radii, and ulnae in animals from 1 wk of age to maturity. These properties included bone geometry changes, material tissue properties, and qualitative and quantitative morphological evaluations. All bones exhibited a two-phase growth cycle, an initial rapid phase (20 wk) followed by a substantially slower growth to maturation (48 wk). All properties showed age-related changes except bone tissue strain to failure.

Copyright © 1982 by ASME
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