This paper presents ultrasonic assisted friction stir welding (UaFSW), which is suggested to improve the weld quality and efficiency as a hybrid welding system. Ultrasonic-assisted processes have been coupled with tooling in various manufacturing processes to enhance the performance of conventional machining and bonding processes. For successful and effective implementation of the UaFSW, we must first consider how to integrate ultrasonics into the friction stir welding equipment. To solve this problem, we designed an ultrasonic horn to vibrate the FSW tool and transmit ultrasonic energy into the workpiece. Using a numerical modal and harmonic analysis, we fabricated and analyzed the ultrasonic horn under specific design considerations. Force was measured and compared during ultrasonic assisted and conventional friction stir welding. The mechanical properties of the workpieces were also investigated.

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