In this paper, we present a thickness-contrast based flat lens for subwavelenth imaging in an aluminum plate. The lens is made of phononic crystal (PC) with a triangular lattice arrangement of through holes drilled over an aluminum plate. Subwave-length imaging is achieved by exploiting the concept of negative refraction of A0 plate mode for the optical dispersion branch of the PC. The wavenumbers are matched at a design frequency by creating a step change in the thickness of the PC-lens and host plate. The thickness-contrast results in refractive index of minus one at the interface of the lens and host plate. Negative refraction-based lens overcomes the diffraction limit and enables focusing of flexural waves in an area less than a square wavelength. We validate the flat lens design at a single design frequency through numerical simulations and experiments. Further, we numerically demonstrate the tunability of the lens design over a broadband frequency range by modifying the thickness-contrast between the lens and host plate. The proposed frequency tunable design is promising for many applications such as ultrasonic inspection, tetherless energy transfer, and energy harvesting, where the localization of wave energy in a small spot is desirable.

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