In the simulation model presented in this paper, the kinematic characteristics of traction drives are formulated using classical Hertzian contact theory and elasto-hydrodynamic theory. The roller swing motion is governed by an equation derived based on Newton’s Second Law and is coupled to the side slip, torque input and output, as well as ratio variations. A control strategy with feedbacks for both the roller swing and the piston displacement is applied for ratio control based on stability and responsiveness considerations. The model has been implemented systematically in Matlab/Simulink environment. The effectiveness of the ratio control system in terms of stability and accuracy is illustrated by the simulation results included in this paper.