This paper describes the development and use of a modified Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) to support design for remanufacture. The results of waste-stream analyses of three automotive remanufacturers were used for this FMEA. The waste streams were assessed to determine factors that impede the reuse of parts. Worn parts that could not be refurbished were found to be the most significant contribution to the waste stream of the automotive remanufacturers studied. The use of the modified FMEA allows consideration of factors such as ease of repair and detection of failure, in conjunction with the mass and part count contribution to the waste stream, to develop priorities in design for remanufacture.

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