Abstract

A multi-mode analysis of a beam-like structure undergoing transverse vibration and subjected to a displacement-dependent friction force is conducted. The level of displacement-dependence is governed by a ramp angle and spring arrangement as discussed in Part I. The system is studied by using harmonic balance as an approximate analytical solution and then by using a time integration method. The damping characteristics of the system are studied in detail. The results qualitatively agree with those obtained using a single-degree-of-freedom analysis of this system reported in Part I. Interesting findings include the appearance of internal resonance peaks when multiple modes are considered. Also, as with the earlier single-degree-of-freedom study, two dynamic response solutions exist at certain parameter values. It is found that the ability to control the amplitude of the response is a function of the frequency range considered. In general, near modal resonance peaks, the amplitude of the response decreases with increasing ramp angle. However, in an “overlapping” region between resonance peaks, the amplitude of the response actually increases with increasing ramp angle. Detailed analysis of the damping characteristics indicate that the dry friction damper is most effective in damping the fundamental mode. The other critical observation is that the damping contribution from the displacement-dependent dry friction damper is “viscous-like” in nature and relatively insensitive to the amplitude of the response. This result suggests that in the case of turbine or compressor blades, this type of damping arrangement may be effective in the suppression of flutter.

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