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Perspectives on Sharing Models and Related Resources in Computational Biomechanics Research

[+] Author and Article Information
Ahmet Erdemir

Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biomodeling (CoBi) Core, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
erdemira@ccf.org

Peter J Hunter

Auckland Bioengineering Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
p.hunter@auckland.ac.nz

Gerhard A. Holzapfel

Institute of Biomechanics, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria and Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
holzapfel@tugraz.at

Leslie M. Loew

Center for Cell Analysis and Modeling, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut, USA
les@volt.uchc.edu

John Middleton

Biomaterials/Biomechanics Research Centre, Department of Orthodontics, Cardiff University School of Dentistry, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK
middletonj2@cf.ac.uk

Christopher R. Jacobs

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
crj2111@columbia.edu

Perumal Nithiarasu

Zienkiewicz Centre for Computational Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, Swansea, UK
P.Nithiarasu@swansea.ac.uk

Rainald Lohner

Center for Computational Fluid Dynamics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, USA
rlohner@gmu.edu

Guowei Wei

Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
wei@math.msu.edu

Beth A. Winkelstein

Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
winkelst@seas.upenn.edu

Victor H. Barocas

Department of Bioengineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
baroc001@umn.edu

Farshid Guilak

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University and Shriners Hospitals for Children, St. Louis, Missouri, USA
guilakf@wudosis.wustl.edu

Joy Ku

Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
joyku@stanford.edu

Jennifer L Hicks

Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
jenhicks@stanford.edu

Scott Delp

Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
delp@stanford.edu

Michael Sacks

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA
msacks@ices.utexas.edu

Jeffrey A. Weiss

Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
jeff.weiss@utah.edu

Dr. Gerard A. Ateshian

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
ateshian@columbia.edu

Steve A. Maas

Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
steve.maas@utah.edu

Andrew D. McCulloch

Department of Bioengineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
amcculloch@ucsd.edu

Grace C.Y. Peng

National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
grace.peng@nih.gov

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4038768 History: Received November 19, 2017; Revised December 05, 2017

Abstract

The role of computational modeling for biomechanics will be increasingly prominent. In computational biomechanics, model sharing can facilitate assessment of reproducibility, and can provide an opportunity for repurposing and reuse, and a venue for medical training. The community's desire to investigate biological and biomechanical phenomena crossing multiple systems, scales, and physical domains, also motivates sharing of modeling resources as blending of models developed by domain experts is anticipated. The goal of this article is to understand current perspectives in the biomechanics community for the sharing of computational models and related resources. Opinions on opportunities, challenges, and pathways to model sharing, particularly as part of the scholarly publishing workflow, were sought. A synthesis of these opinion pieces indicates that the community recognizes the necessity and usefulness of model sharing. There is a strong will to facilitate model sharing and there are corresponding initiatives by the scientific journals. Outside the publishing enterprise, infrastructure to facilitate model sharing in biomechanics exists and simulation software developers are interested in accommodating the community's needs for sharing of modeling resources. Encouragement for the use of standardized markups, concerns related to quality assurance, acknowledgement of increased burden, and importance of stewardship of resources are noted. In the short-term, it is advisable that the community builds upon recent strategies and experiments with new pathways for continued demonstration of model sharing, its promotion, and its utility. Nonetheless, the need for a long term strategy to unify approaches in sharing computational models and related resources is acknowledged.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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