Caro, C. G.
,
Fitz-Gerald, J. M.
, and
Schroter, R. C.
, 1971, “Atheroma and Arterial Wall Shear Observation, Correlation and Proposal of a Shear Dependent Mass Transfer Mechanism for Atherogenesis,” Proc. R. Soc. London B, 177(1046), pp. 109–159.

[CrossRef]
Ku, D. N.
,
Giddens, D. P.
,
Zarins, C. K.
, and
Glagov, S.
, 1985, “Pulsatile Flow and Atherosclerosis in the Human Carotid Bifurcation. Positive Correlation Between Plaque Location and Low Oscillating Shear Stress,” Arteriosclerosis, 5(3), pp. 293–302.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Peiffer, V.
,
Sherwin, S. J.
, and
Weinberg, P. D.
, 2013, “Does Low and Oscillatory Wall Shear Stress Correlate Spatially With Early Atherosclerosis? A Systematic Review,” Cardiovasc. Res., 99(2), pp. 242–250.

[PubMed]
Lennon, J. L.
, 2000, “
Red-Shifts and Red Herrings in Geographical Ecology,” Ecography, 23(1), pp. 101–113.

[CrossRef]
Fortin, M. J.
, and
Payette, S.
, 2002, “How to Test the Significance of the Relation Between Spatially Autocorrelated Data at the Landscape Scale: A Case Study Using Fire and Forest Maps,” Ecoscience, 9(2), pp. 213–218.

Legendre, P.
, and
Legendre, L.
, 1998, Numerical Ecology, 2nd ed., Elsevier Science BV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Clifford, P.
,
Richardson, S.
, and
Hemon, D.
, 1989, “Assessing the Significance of the Correlation Between Two Spatial Processes,” Biometrics, 45(1), pp. 123–134.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Dutilleul, P
., 1993, “Modifying the

*t* Test for Assessing the Correlation Between Two Spatial Processes,” Biometrics, 49(1), pp. 305–314.

[CrossRef]
Peiffer, V.
,
Bharath, A. A.
,
Sherwin, S. J.
, and
Weinberg, P. D.
, 2013, “A Novel Method for Quantifying Spatial Correlations Between Patterns of Atherosclerosis and Hemodynamic Factors,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 135(2), p. 021023.

[CrossRef]
Deblauwe, V.
,
Kennel, P.
, and
Couteron, P.
, 2012, “Testing Pairwise Association Between Spatially Autocorrelated Variables: A New Approach Using Surrogate Lattice Data,” PloS One, 7(11), p. e48766.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Robinson, W. S.
, 1950, “Ecological Correlations and the Behavior of Individuals,” Am. Sociol. Rev., 15(3), pp. 351–357.

[CrossRef]
Peiffer, V.
,
Rowland, E. M.
,
Cremers, S. G.
,
Weinberg, P. D.
, and
Sherwin, S. J.
, 2012, “Effect of Aortic Taper on Patterns of Blood Flow and Wall Shear Stress in Rabbits: Association With Age,” Atherosclerosis, 223(1), pp. 114–121.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Clarke, L. A.
,
Mohri, Z.
, and
Weinberg, P. D.
, 2012, “High Throughput

*en face* Mapping of Arterial Permeability Using Tile Scanning Confocal Microscopy,” Atherosclerosis, 224(2), pp. 417–425.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Cremers, S. G.
,
Wolffram, S. J.
, and
Weinberg, P. D.
, 2011, “Atheroprotective Effects of Dietary

L-Arginine Increase With Age in Cholesterol-Fed Rabbits,” Br. J. Nutr., 105(10), pp. 1439–1447.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Bond, A. R.
,
Iftikhar, S.
,
Bharath, A. A.
, and
Weinberg, P. D.
, 2011, “Morphological Evidence for a Change in the Pattern of Aortic Wall Shear Stress With Age,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol., 31(3), pp. 543–550.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Chen, Y.
, 2013, “New Approaches for Calculating Moran’s Index of Spatial Autocorrelation,” PloS One, 8(7), p. e68336.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Anselin, L.
, 1995, “Local Indicators of Spatial Association—LISA,” Geogr. Anal., 27(2), pp. 93–115.

[CrossRef]
Sivakoff, F. S.
,
Rosenheim, J. A.
,
Dutilleul, P.
, and
Carrière, Y.
, 2013, “Influence of the Surrounding Landscape on Crop Colonization by a Polyphagous Insect Pest,” Entomol. Exp. Appl., 149(1), pp. 11–21.

[CrossRef]
Manly, B. F. J.
, 1997, Randomization, Bootstrap and Monte Carlo Methods in Biology, Chapman and Hall, London.

Schreiber, T.
, and
Schmitz, A.
, 1996, “Improved Surrogate Data for Nonlinearity Tests,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 77(4), pp. 635–638.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Breakspear, M.
,
Brammer, M.
, and
Robinson, P. A.
, 2003, “Construction of Multivariate Surrogate Sets From Nonlinear Data Using the Wavelet Transform,” Physica D, 182(1–2), pp. 1–22.

[CrossRef]
Breakspear, M.
,
Brammer, M. J.
,
Bullmore, T.
,
Das, P.
, and
Williams, L. M.
, 2004, “Spatiotemporal Wavelet Resampling for Functional Neuroimaging Data,” Hum. Brain Mapp., 23(1), pp. 1–25.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Kingsbury, N. G.
, 1998, “The Dual-Tree Complex Wavelet Transform: A New Technique for Shift Invariance and Directional Filters,” 8th IEEE DSP Workshop, Bryce Canyon, Aug. 9–12, Paper No. 86.

de Rivaz, P.
, 2000, “Complex Wavelet Based Image Analysis and Synthesis,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Efron, B.
, 1979, “Bootstrap Methods: Another Look at the Jackknife,” Ann. Stat., 7(1), pp. 1–26.

[CrossRef]
Efron, B.
, and
Tibshirani, R.
, 1994, An Introduction to the Bootstrap, Chapman & Hall/CRC, Boca Raton, FL.

Martin, M. A.
, 1990, “On the Double Bootstrap,” Department of Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, Technical Report No. 347.

Bhattacharya, B.
, and
Habtzghi, D.
, 2002, “Median of the

*p* Value Under the Alternative Hypothesis,” Am. Stat., 56(3), pp. 202–206.

[CrossRef]
Joiner, B. L.
, 1969, “The Median Significance Level and Other Small Sample Measures of Test Efficacy,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 64(327), pp. 971–985.

[CrossRef]
Timmins, L. H.
,
Molony, D. S.
,
Eshtehardi, P.
,
McDaniel, M. C.
,
Oshinski, J. N.
,
Samady, H.
, and
Giddens, D. P.
, 2015, “Focal Association Between Wall Shear Stress and Clinical Coronary Artery Disease Progression,” Ann. Biomed. Eng., 43(1), pp. 94–106.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Openshaw, S.
, and
Taylor, P. J.
, 1979, “A Million or so Correlation Coefficients: Three Experiments on the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem,” Statistical Applications in the Spatial Sciences,
N. Wrigley
, ed., Pion Limited, London, pp. 127–144.

Mohamied, Y.
,
Rowland, E. M.
,
Bailey, E. L.
,
Sherwin, S. J.
,
Schwartz, M. A.
, and
Weinberg, P. D.
, 2015, “Change of Direction in the Biomechanics of Atherosclerosis,” Ann. Biomed. Eng., 43(1), pp. 16–25.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Dunn, K. W.
,
Kamocka, M. M.
, and
McDonald, J. H.
, 2011, “A Practical Guide to Evaluating Colocalization in Biological Microscopy,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell. Physiol., 300(4), pp. C723–C742.

[CrossRef] [PubMed]
Wood, M
., 2005, “Bootstrapped Confidence Intervals as an Approach to Statistical Inference,” Organ. Res. Methods, 8(4), pp. 454–470.

[CrossRef]
Gardner, M. J.
, and
Altman, D. G.
, 1986, “Confidence Intervals Rather Than

*P* Values: Estimation Rather Than Hypothesis Testing,” Br. Med. J., 292(6522), pp. 746–750.

[CrossRef]
Bickel, P. J.
, and
Krieger, A. M.
, 1989, “Confidence Bands for a Distribution Function Using the Bootstrap,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 84(405), pp. 95–100.

[CrossRef]
Mooney, C. Z.
, and
Duval, R. D.
, 1993, Bootstrapping: A Nonparametric Approach to Statistical Inference, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, p. 21.

DiCiccio, T. J.
, and
Efron, B.
, 1996, “Bootstrap Confidence Intervals,” Stat. Sci., 11(3), pp. 189–228.

[CrossRef]
Wolfe, R.
, and
Hanley, J.
, 2002, “If We’re so Different, Why do We Keep Overlapping? When 1 Plus 1 Doesn’t Make 2,” Can. Med. Assoc. J., 166(1), pp. 65–66.

Hesterberg, T.
,
Monaghan, S.
, and
Moore, D. S.
, 2009, “Bootstrap Methods and Permutation Tests,” The Practice of Business Statistics, 2nd ed.,
W. H. Freeman
, New York, pp. 18-3–18-74.

Roberts, J. K.
, and
Fan, X.
, 2004, “Bootstrapping Within the Multilevel/
Hierarchical Linear Modeling Framework: A Primer for Use With SAS and SPLUS,” Mult. Linear Regression Viewpoints, 30(1), pp. 23–34.

Fisher, R. A.
, 1915, “Frequency Distribution of the Values of the Correlation Coefficient in Samples of an Indefinitely Large Population,” Biometrika, 10(4), pp. 507–521.