Using computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) images to construct 3D knee models has been widely used in biomedical engineering research. Statistical shape modeling (SSM) method is an alternative way to provide a fast, cost-efficient, and subject-specific knee modeling technique. This study was aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using a combined dual-fluoroscopic imaging system (DFIS) and SSM method to investigate in vivo knee kinematics. Three subjects were studied during a treadmill walking. The data were compared with the kinematics obtained using a CT-based modeling technique. Geometric root-mean-square (RMS) errors between the knee models constructed using the SSM and CT-based modeling techniques were 1.16 mm and 1.40 mm for the femur and tibia, respectively. For the kinematics of the knee during the treadmill gait, the SSM model can predict the knee kinematics with RMS errors within 3.3 deg for rotation and within 2.4 mm for translation throughout the stance phase of the gait cycle compared with those obtained using the CT-based knee models. The data indicated that the combined DFIS and SSM technique could be used for quick evaluation of knee joint kinematics.