Correct orientation of the acetabular cup considering patient-specific functional pelvic angles is an important factor for improving outcomes and avoiding complications after total hip arthroplasty. This study introduces a new, noninvasive radiographic tool for accurately determining a patient’s specific pelvic tilt angle preoperatively, as well as accurately assessing acetabular cup orientation with respect to bony landmarks intraoperatively and postoperatively. The method was validated by imaging a bone replica model of the pelvis with implanted hip components, in comparison to digitized references, and verified with a cadaveric specimen. Pelvic tilt was measured with an accuracy of 0.1 deg and SD of 0.4 deg. Operative cup inclination and anteversion showed accuracies of 0.6 deg and 2.5 deg, with SD of 0.4 deg and 0.6 deg, respectively; these could be improved further by subtracting systematic bias. The method shows accuracy advantages over existing radiographic and fluoroscopic methods and exposes the subjects to a lower radiation dose compared to the similar computed tomography methods. These results suggest that the proposed method is feasible for assessing cup placement with reference to the functional and anatomical references. Furthermore, the ability to reference the same bony landmarks preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively has important research and clinical advantages.