A System for Quantifying the Cooling Effectiveness of Bicycle Helmets

[+] Author and Article Information
Jennifer Reid, Eric L. Wang

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Nevada—Reno, Reno, NV 89557

J Biomech Eng 122(4), 457-460 (Mar 22, 2000) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1287163 History: Received August 26, 1998; Revised March 22, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Tan, C., 1995, “Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Types of the Early 1990’s,” U.S. Department of Transportation, Publication No. FHWA-RD-95-163.
Sheffield-Moore,  M., Short,  K. R., Kerr,  C. G., Parcell,  A. C., Bolster,  D. R., and Costill,  D. L., 1997, “Thermoregulatory Responses to Cycling With and Without a Helmet,” Med. Sci. Sports Exercise, 29, pp. 755–761.
John,  D., and Dawson,  B., 1989, “The Effects of Wearing Two Different Cycling Helmets on Thermoregulatory Responses to Prolonged Submaximal Exercise in Hot, Dry Conditions,” J. Human Move. Stud., 16, pp. 203–214.
Gisolfi,  C. V., Rohlf,  D. P., Navarude,  S. N., Hayes,  C. L., and Sayeed,  S. A., 1988, “Effects of Wearing a Helmet on Thermal Balance While Cycling in the Heat,” Phys. Sportsmed., 16, pp. 139–146.
Osczevski, R. J., 1996, “Design and Evaluation of a Three-Zone Thermal Manikin Head,” Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine (DCIEM) publication No. 96-R-60, North York.
Boutcher,  S., Maw,  G., and Taylor,  N., 1995, “Forehead Skin Temperature and Thermal Sensation During Exercise in Cool and Thermoneutral Environments,” Aviation, Space, Environ. Med., 66, pp. 1058–1062.
Consumer Reports, 1997, “A Better Bike Helmet,” Consum. Rep., 62 , p. 9.
Consumer Reports, 1997, “Bad Breaks,” Consum. Rep., 62 , pp. 32–35.
Consumer Reports, 1994, “Bicycle Helmets,” Consum. Rep., 59 , pp. 518–522.
Liang, D., Lui, D., and Park, K., 1994, “Bicycle Helmet Ventilation Test Fixture,” unpublished technical report, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
Mehta,  R. D., and Bradshaw,  P., 1979, “Design Rules for Small Low Speed Wind Tunnels,” Aeronaut. J., 83, pp. 443–449.
Vardeman, S. B., 1994, Statistics for Engineering Problem Solving, PWS, Boston.


Grahic Jump Location
Thermal mannequin head form and reference sphere mounted in wind tunnel
Grahic Jump Location
The six sample helmets used to validate the system
Grahic Jump Location
Sample steady-state temperature distribution (°C) for helmet H6 superimposed on photograph of head form (helmet not shown for clarity). Flow direction is from left to right (anterior to posterior).




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In