Brace application has been reported to be an effective approach in treating mild to moderate idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. However, little attention is focused on the biomechanical study of patient-specific brace treatment. The purpose of this study was to propose a design method of personalized brace and to analyze its biomechanical behavior and to compare the brace forces with the I-Scan measurement system. Based on a three-dimensional patient-specific finite element model of the spine, rib cage, pelvis, and abdomen, a parametric patient-specific model of a thoracolumbosacral orthosis was built. The interaction between the torso and the brace was modeled by surface-to-surface contact interface. Three standard strap tensions (20 N, 40 N, and 60 N) were loaded on the back of the brace to simulate the strap tension. The I-Scan distribution pressure measurement system was used to measure the different region pressures, and the equivalent forces in these regions were calculated. The spinal curve changes and the forces acted on the brace generated by the strap tension were evaluated and compared with the measurement. The reduction in the coronal curvature was about 60% for a strap tension of 60 N. The sacral slope and the lordosis were partially reduced in this case, but the kyphosis had no obvious change. The brace slightly modified the axial rotation at the apex of the scoliotic curve. The forces generated in finite element analysis were approximately in good agreement with the measurement. The design and biomechanical analysis methods of patient-specific brace should be useful in the design of more effective braces.