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Technical Briefs

Application of Neural Networks and Finite Element Computation for Multiscale Simulation of Bone Remodeling

[+] Author and Article Information
Ridha Hambli

 Institut Prisme/MMH, 8 Rue Léonard de Vinci, 45072 Orléans Cedex 2, Franceridha.hambli@univ-orleans.fr

J Biomech Eng 132(11), 114502 (Oct 12, 2010) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4002536 History: Received January 10, 2010; Revised September 08, 2010; Posted September 10, 2010; Published October 12, 2010; Online October 12, 2010

In this paper, a novel multiscale hierarchical model based on finite element analysis and neural network computation was developed to link mesoscopic and macroscopic scales to simulate the bone remodeling process. The finite element calculation is performed at the macroscopic level, and trained neural networks are employed as numerical devices for substituting the finite element computation needed for the mesoscale prediction. Based on a set of mesoscale simulations of representative volume elements of bones taken from different bone sites, a neural network is trained to approximate the responses at the meso level and transferred at the macro level.

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Copyright © 2010 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Multiscale hierarchical approach for bone analysis. Two level analysis for the prediction of the remodeling process. Macroscale level: a whole bone computed using FE analysis. Mesoscale level: μ-CT FE model computed using trained NN. 2 mm3 RVE obtained using digital image-based modeling technique meshed using about 200,000 eight-node 3D brick elements.

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Figure 2

Meso-to-macro transition: NN is incorporated into the FE code ABAQUS via the routine UMAT

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Figure 3

Contour of trabecular bone damage predicted by the hybrid method. (a) Macroscopic contour predicted by NN computation. (b) RVE predicted results are averaged and passed to the macroscopic finite element level.

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Figure 4

Contour of trabecular bone density predicted by the hybrid method. (a) Macroscopic contour predicted by NN computation. (b) RVE predicted results are averaged and passed to the macroscopic finite element level.

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