Endothelial cells in vivo are normally subjected to multiple mechanical stimuli such as stretch and fluid shear stress (FSS) but because each stimulus induces magnitude-dependent morphologic responses, the relative importance of each stimulus in producing the normal in vivo state is not clear. Using cultured human aortic endothelial cells, this study first determined equipotent levels of cyclic stretch, steady FSS, and oscillatory FSS with respect to the time course of cell orientation. We then tested whether these levels of stimuli were equipotent in combination with each other by imposing simultaneous cyclic stretch and steady FSS or cyclic stretch and oscillatory FSS so as to reinforce or counteract the cells’ orientation responses. Equipotent levels of the three stimuli were 2% cyclic stretch at , steady FSS and oscillatory FSS at . When applied in reinforcing fashion, cyclic stretch and oscillatory, but not steady, FSS were additive. Both pairs of stimuli canceled when applied in counteracting fashion. These results indicate that this level of cyclic stretch and oscillatory FSS sum algebraically so that they are indeed equipotent. In addition, oscillatory FSS is a stronger stimulus than steady FSS for inducing cell orientation. Moreover, arterial endothelial cells in vivo are likely receiving a stronger stretch than FSS stimulus.