Simultaneous Measurement of Three-Dimensional Joint Kinematics and Ligament Strains With Optical Methods

[+] Author and Article Information
Trevor J. Lujan, Benjamin J. Ellis

Department of Bioengineering and Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

Spencer P. Lake, Timothy A. Plaizier

Department of Bioengineering

Jeffrey A. Weiss

Departments of Bioengineering and Orthopedics, and Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

J Biomech Eng 127(1), 193-197 (Mar 08, 2005) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1835365 History: Received November 26, 2003; Revised September 02, 2004; Online March 08, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Mazzocca,  A. D., Nissen,  C. W., Geary,  M., and Adams,  D. J., 2003, “Valgus Medial Collateral Ligament Rupture Causes Concomitant Loading and Damage of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament,” J. Knee Surg,16, pp. 148–151.
Hull,  M. L., Berns,  G. S., Varma,  H., and Patterson,  H. A., 1996, “Strain in the Medial Collateral Ligament of the Human Knee Under Single and Combined Loads,” J. Biomech., 29, pp. 199–206.
Saeki, K., Mihalko, W. M., Patel, V., Conway, J., Naito, M., Thrum, H., Vandenneuker, H., and Whiteside, L. A., 2001, “Stability After Medial Collateral Ligament Release in Total Knee Arthroplasty,” Clin. Orthop., pp. 184–189.
Gardiner,  J. C., and Weiss,  J. A., 2003, “Subject-Specific Finite Element Analysis of the Human Medial Collateral Ligament During Valgus Knee Loading,” J. Orthop. Res., 21, pp. 1098–1106.
Kuo,  L. C., Su,  F. C., Chiu,  H. Y., and Yu,  C. Y., 2002, “Feasibility of Using a Video-Based Motion Analysis System for Measuring Thumb Kinematics,” J. Biomech., 35, pp. 1499–1506.
An,  K. N., Growney,  E., and Chao,  E. Y., 1991, “Measurement of Joint Kinematics Using Expertvision System,” Biomed. Sci. Instrum., 27, pp. 245–252.
Kovaleski,  J. E., Hollis,  J., Heitman,  R. J., Gurchiek,  L. R., and Pearsall,  A. W. T., 2002, “Assessment of Ankle-Subtalar-Joint-Complex Laxity Using an Instrumented Ankle Arthrometer: An Experimental Cadaveric Investigation,” J. Athl. Train,37, pp. 467–474.
Kirstukas,  S. J., Lewis,  J. L., and Erdman,  A. G., 1992, “6R Instrumented Spatial Linkages for Anatomical Joint Motion Measurement. Part 2. Calibration,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 114, pp. 101–110.
Hefzy,  M. S., Ebraheim,  N., Mekhail,  A., Caruntu,  D., Lin,  H., and Yeasting,  R., 2003, “Kinematics of the Human Pelvis Following Open Book Injury,” Med. Eng. Phys., 25, pp. 259–274.
Ezzet,  K. A., Hershey,  A. L., D’Lima,  D. D., Irby,  S. E., Kaufman,  K. R., and Colwell,  C. W., 2001, “Patellar Tracking in Total Knee Arthroplasty: Inset Versus Onset Design,” J. Arthroplasty, 16, pp. 838–843.
Meskers,  C. G., Fraterman,  H., van der Helm,  F. C., Vermeulen,  H. M., and Rozing,  P. M., 1999, “Calibration of the Flock of Birds Electromagnetic Tracking Device and Its Application in Shoulder Motion Studies,” J. Biomech., 32, pp. 629–633.
Cerulli,  G., Benoit,  D. L., Lamontagne,  M., Caraffa,  A., and Liti,  A., 2003, “In Vivo Anterior Cruciate Ligament Strain Behaviour During a Rapid Deceleration Movement: Case Report,” Knee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc, 11, pp. 307–311.
Fleming,  B. C., and Beynnon,  B. D., 2004, “In Vivo Measurement of Ligament/Tendon Strains and Forces: A Review,” Ann. Biomed. Eng., 32, pp. 318–328.
Gardiner, J. C., Weiss, J. A., and Rosenberg, T. D., 2001, “Strain in the Human Medial Collateral Ligament During Valgus Loading of the Knee,” Clin. Orthop., pp. 266–274.
Hatze,  H., 1988, “High-Precision Three-Dimensional Photogrammetric Calibration and Object Space Reconstruction Using a Modified DLT-Approach,” J. Biomech., 21, pp. 533–538.
Grood,  E. S., and Suntay,  W. J., 1983, “A Joint Coordinate System for the Clinical Description of Three-Dimensional Motions: Application to the Knee,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 105, pp. 136–144.
Anonymous, “CCD Performance and the Pixel Size (Chip Size),” Pulnix Technical Report #TH-1084 (www.pulnix.com), 1998.


Grahic Jump Location
Plan view of the camera setup. The z axis is directed out of the page. To assess system sensitivity to camera angle, angles of 30, 60, and 90 deg were used during testing.
Grahic Jump Location
Photograph of test setup for simultaneous measurement of MCL strain and knee joint kinematics. Eighteen markers (2.38 mm diameter) were adhered to the MCL for strain measurement. Femoral and tibial kinematic blocks, each with three kinematic markers (4.75 mm diameter), were affixed to the cortical bone.
Grahic Jump Location
Results for determination of simulated 3D strain along the z- and x axes. Strain error was computed as the difference between the actuator-based strain and the strain calculated by the motion analysis system, divided by the gauge length.
Grahic Jump Location
Results for the measurement of 3D kinematics along the z-axis direction. Accuracy was measured as the difference between the actuator-based translation and the value calculated by the motion analysis system, divided by the actuator translation.




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In