0
TECHNICAL PAPERS: Joint/Whole Body

Simulating Dynamic Activities Using a Five-Axis Knee Simulator

[+] Author and Article Information
Lorin P. Maletsky

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Kansas, 1530 W. 15th St., 3138 Learned Hall, Lawrence, KS 66045-2234

Ben M. Hillberry

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, Mechanical Engineering Building, #1288, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1288

J Biomech Eng 127(1), 123-133 (Mar 08, 2005) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1846070 History: Revised April 22, 2002; Revised July 06, 2004; Online March 08, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Force , Stress , Knee , Machinery
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Ahmed,  A. M., Burke,  D. L., and Yu,  A., 1983, “In vitro Measurement of Static Pressure Distribution in Synovial Joints—Part II: Retropateller Surface,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 105, pp. 226–236.
van Kampen,  A., and Huiskes,  R., 1990, “The Three-Dimensional Tracking Pattern of the Human Patella,” J. Orthop. Res., 8, pp. 372–382.
Biden, E., and O’Connor, J., 1990, “Experimental Methods Used to Evaluate Knee Ligament Function,” in Knee Ligaments: Structure, Function, Injury, and Repair, Raven Press, New York, NY, Chap. 8, pp. 135–151.
Whiteside,  L. A., Kasselt,  M. R., and Haynes,  D. W., 1987, “Varus-Valgus and Rotational Stability in Rotationally Unconstrained Total Knee Arthroplasty,” Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res., 219, pp. 147–157.
Bach,  J. M., and Hull,  M. L., 1994, “Description and Evaluation of a New Load Application System for In Vitro Study of Ligamentous Injuries to the Human Knee Joint,” ASME Bioeng. Div. Publ. Bed., 28, pp. 283–284.
Li,  G., Rudy,  T. W., Sakane,  M., Kanamori,  A., Ma,  C. B., and Woo,  S. L., 1999, “The Importance of Quadriceps and Hamstring Muscle Loading on Knee Kinematics and In-Situ Forces in the ACL,” J. Biomech., 32, pp. 395–400.
Walker,  P. S., Blunn,  G. W., Broome,  D. R., Perry,  J., Watkins,  A., Sathasivam,  S., Dewar,  M. E., and Paul,  J. P., 1997, “A Knee Simulating Machine for Performance Evaluation of Total Knee Replacements,” J. Biomech., 30, pp. 83–89.
Burgess,  I. C., Kolar,  M., Cunningham,  J. L., and Unsworth,  A., 1997, “Development of a Six Station Knee Wear Simulator and Preliminary Wear Results,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 211, pp. 37–47.
Currier,  J. H., Duda,  J. L., Sperling,  D. K., Collier,  J. P., Currier,  B. H., and Kennedy,  F. E., 1998, “In Vitro Simulation of Contact Fatigue Damage Found in Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Components of Knee Prostheses,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 212, pp. 293–302.
Shaw,  J. A., and Murray,  D. G., 1973, “Knee Joint Simulator,” Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res., 94, pp. 15–23.
Zachman,  N. J., Hillberry,  B. M., and Kettelkamp,  D. B., 1978, “Design of a Load Simulator for the Dynamic Evaluation of Prosthetic Knee Joints,” ASME publication 78–DET-59, pp. 1–11.
Paul, I. L., Chernack, R., Manzi, S. F., Rose, R. M., Radin, E. L., and Simon, S. R., 1977, “Comparative Behavior of Total Knee Prostheses in a Knee Simulator,” Trans. 23rd Annu. Meet.—Orthop. Res. Soc., p. 257.
Young, R. W., Young, S. R., and Treharne, R. W., 1979, “Simulation of the Knee Joint Using a Computer Controlled System,” Trans. 25th Annu. Meet.—Orthop. Res. Soc., San Francisco, CA, Feb. 20–22, p. 206.
Pappas,  M. J., and Buechel,  F. F., 1979, “New Jersey Knee Simulator,” Trans. 11th Annu. Internat. Biomat. Symp.,3, p. 101.
Ahmed,  A. M., Burke,  D. L., and Hyder,  A., 1987, “Force Analysis of the Patellar Mechanism,” J. Orthop. Res., 5, pp. 69–85.
DiAngelo,  D. J., and Harrington,  I. A., 1992, “Design of a Dynamic Multi-Purpose Joint Simulator,” ASME Bioeng. Div. Publ. Bed.,22, pp. 107–110.
Pavlovic,  J. L., Kirstukas,  S. J., Touchi,  H., Bechtold,  J. E., and Gustilo,  R. B., 1994, “Dynamic Simulation Machine for Measurements of Knee Mechanics and Intra-Articular Pressures,” ASME Bioeng. Div. Publ. Bed.,28, pp. 277–278.
Chao,  E. Y. S., MacWilliams,  B. A., Chan,  B., and Meija,  L., 1994, “Evaluation of a Dynamic Joint Simulator,” ASME Bioeng. Div. Publ. Bed.,28, pp. 281–282.
Benda, F. P., 1995, “Design and Analysis of a Knee Simulator Control Program,” MSME thesis, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
Morrison,  J. B., 1970, “The Mechanics of the Knee Joint in Relation to Normal Walking,” J. Biomech., 3, pp. 51–61.
Hersh, J. F., 1980, “Laboratory Evaluation of Knee Prostheses,” MSME thesis, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
Hardt,  D. E., 1978, “Determining Muscle Forces in the Leg During Normal Human Walking—An Application and Evaluation of Optimization Methods,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 100, pp. 72–78.
Crowninshield,  R. D., and Brand,  R. A., 1981, “A Physiologically Based Criterion of Muscle Force Prediction in Locomotion,” J. Biomech., 14, pp. 793–801.
Glitsch,  U., and Baumann,  W., 1997, “The Three-Dimensional Determination of Internal Loads in the Lower Extremity,” J. Biomech., 30, pp. 1123–1131.
Komistek,  R. D., Stiehl,  J. B., Dennis,  D. A., Paxson,  R. D., and Soutas-Little,  R. W., 1998, “Mathematical Model of the Lower Extremity Joint Reaction Forces Using Kane’s Method of Dynamics,” J. Biomech., 31, pp. 185–189.
ISO 14243-1 Implants for surgery—Wear of total knee-joint prostheses—Part 1: Loading and displacement parameters for wear-testing machines with load control and corresponding environmental conditions for test, 2002.
Maletsky,  L. P., and Hillberry,  B. M., 1997, “Computer Modeling of Knee Simulator Tibio-Femoral and Patello-Femoral Loading,” ASME Dyn. Syst., Control, Div. Publ. Dsc 61, pp. 387–392.
Maletsky, L. P., 1999, “Validation of the Next Generation Knee Simulator,” Ph.D. thesis, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
Kinzel,  G. L., Hall,  A. S., and Hillberry,  B. M., 1972, “Measurement of the Total Motion Between Two Body Segments—I. Analytical Development,” J. Biomech., 5, pp. 93–105.
Rullkoetter, P. J., McGuan, S., and Maletsky, L. P., 1999, “Development and Verification of a Virtual Knee Simulator for TKR Evaluation,” Trans. 45th Annul. Meet—Orthop. Res. Soc., Anaheim, CA, Feb. 1–4, p. 973.
Singerman,  R., Berilla,  J., and Davy,  D. T., 1995, “Direct In Vitro Determination of the Patellofemoral Contact Force for Normal Knees,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 117, pp. 8–14.
Andriacchi,  T. P., 1979, Force Plate and Motion Data, Rush-Presbyterian St. Lukes Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Photograph of Purdue Knee Simulator: Mark II
Grahic Jump Location
A skeletal representation of the five axes of loading for the knee simulator
Grahic Jump Location
Kinematic model of the knee simulator. Link 3 is the femur, link 4 the tibia, and link 2 the height of the hip sled.
Grahic Jump Location
The dynamic model of the patella showing the variables that define the moving contact point
Grahic Jump Location
Free body diagram of the knee simulator showing the eleven forces that are part of the sagittal plane dynamic model
Grahic Jump Location
Input load and torque profiles for validation simulations. (Solid lines are vertical loads and dashed lines are ankle moments.)
Grahic Jump Location
Predicted in vivo tibio-femoral loading at the knee for a 800 N subject walking at 1 Hz
Grahic Jump Location
Vertical load tracking with and without quadriceps cross-coupling for the knee flexing from 10 to 70° knee flexion
Grahic Jump Location
A comparison of quadriceps tension for simple loading profiles. (Solid lines are model predictions and dashed lines are experimentally measured data.)
Grahic Jump Location
A comparison of tibio-femoral compressive forces for simple loading profiles. (Solid lines are model predictions and dashed lines are experimentally measured data.)
Grahic Jump Location
A comparison of quadriceps tension with addition of ankle-flexion moment. Note the reduction in loading when compared with Fig. 9 that does not include the ankle-flexion moment.
Grahic Jump Location
A comparison between desired compressive tibio-femoral loads from in vivo prediction of joint loads and experimental results. The heavy dashed line represents the expected loading if the imperfect tracking of the knee simulator is included.
Grahic Jump Location
Quadriceps loads for walking. The model prediction is the solid line and the experimental data is the dashed line.

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In