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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Fluids/Heat/Transport

Three-Dimensional Velocity Field Reconstruction

[+] Author and Article Information
David Frakes, Mark Smith, Diane de Zélicourt, Kerem Pekkan, Ajit Yoganathan

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332

J Biomech Eng 126(6), 727-735 (Feb 04, 2005) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1824117 History: Received July 23, 2003; Revised July 13, 2004; Online February 04, 2005
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

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Figures

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Illustration of a human heart with a single ventricle CHD (a). The communication between the two ventricles indicated by the arrows facilitates the mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. The anatomical modification performed to palliate this condition, the TCPC, is shown in (b).
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Illustrations of the TCPC configuration (a) and the phantom geometry (b) used to simulate it. The dashed line in (b) is present for a later discussion.
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Results from different power loss estimation techniques. Control volume analysis and viscous dissipation function analysis show strong agreement for all flow splits.
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Block diagram illustrating the ACGI motion field derivation process
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Example of a coarse symmetric quad-tree structure generated via the ACGI motion estimation process
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Coronal view of an originally acquired phase encoded MRI velocity data set (a) and the same view of the corresponding three-dimensional velocity field reconstruction (b)
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Comparative errors for velocity magnitude acquisitions at a total cardiac output of 2 L/min. The values indicate the percentage formed by dividing the average error for each modality comparison by the theoretical maximum flow velocity within the phantom.
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Comparative errors for velocity magnitude acquisitions at a total cardiac output of 4 L/min. The values indicate the percentage formed by dividing the average error for each modality comparison by the theoretical maximum flow velocity within the phantom.
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(a) PIV, (b) MR reconstruction, (c) CFD, and (d) MR (bicubic interpolation) velocity magnitude contour plots. TCO: 4 L/min, IVC/SVC flow split: 60/40, LPA/RPA flow split: 60/40.
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(a) PIV, (b) MRI reconstruction, and (c) CFD velocity vector plots. TCO: 4 L/min, IVC/SVC flow split: 60/40, LPA/RPA flow split: 60/40.
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(a) CFD and (b) MRI reconstruction LPA cross-section half-plane velocity vector plots. TCO: 2 L/min, IVC/SVC flow split: 60/40, LPA/RPA flow split: 50/50.
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Originally acquired coronal MRI data (a) and the corresponding coronal plane from the reconstructed MRI data set (b). Similar fluid structures including redirection of IVC flow to the RPA and the low-velocity offset region are apparent. TCO: 2 L/min, IVC/SVC flow split: 60/40, LPA/RPA flow split: 40/60.
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Initial viscous dissipation power loss results for center planes based on reconstructed MR data at a total cardiac output of 2 L/min.

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