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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Joint/Whole Body

A Spatial Mechanism With Higher Pairs for Modelling the Human Knee Joint

[+] Author and Article Information
Raffaele Di Gregorio

Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, Via Saragat, 1; 44100 Ferrara, Italye-mail: rdigregorio@ing.unife.it

Vincenzo Parenti-Castelli

DIEM, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento, 2; 40136 Bologna, Italye-mail: vincenzo.parenticastelli@mail.ing.unibo.it

J Biomech Eng 125(2), 232-237 (Apr 09, 2003) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1559895 History: Received June 01, 2000; Revised November 01, 2002; Online April 09, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Goodfellow,  J. D., and O’Connor,  J. J., 1978, “The Mechanics of the Knee and Prosthesis Design,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., [Br] 60-B, pp. 358–369.
O’Connor,  J. J., Shercliff,  T. L., Biden,  E., and Goodfellow,  J. W., 1989, “The Geometry of the Knee in the Sagittal Plane,” Proceedings, Institute of Mechanical Engineering Part H. Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 203, pp. 223–233.
Wilson,  D. R., and O’Connor,  J. J., 1997, “A Three-dimensional Geometric Model of the Knee for the Study of Joint Forces in Gait,” Gait and Posture, 5, pp. 108–115.
Wilson,  D. R., Feikes,  J. D., and O’Connor,  J. J., 1998, “Ligament and Articular Contact Guide Passive Knee Flexion,” J. Biomech., 31, pp. 1127–1136.
Blankevoort,  L., Huiskes,  R., and DeLange,  A., 1988, “The Envelope Passive Knee Joint Motions,” J. Biomech., 21(9), pp. 705–720.
Fuss,  S. K., 1989, “Anatomy of the Cruciate Ligaments and Their Function in Extension and Flexion of the Human Knee Joint,” Am. J. Anat., 184, pp. 165–176.
Rovick,  J. S., Reuben,  J. D., Schrager,  R. J., and Walker,  P. S., 1991, “Relation Between Knee Motion and Ligament Length Patterns,” Clin. Biomech. (Los Angel. Calif.), 6(4), pp. 23–220.
Kurosawa,  H., Walker,  P. S., Abe,  S., Garg,  A., and Hunter,  T., 1985, “Geometry and Motion of the Knee for Implant and Orthotic Design,” J. Biomech., 18(7), pp. 487–499.
Parenti-Castelli, V., and Di Gregorio, R., 2000, “Parallel Mechanisms Applied to the Human Knee Passive Motion Simulation,” in Advances in Robot Kinematics, (Lenarcic, J., and Stanisic, M., Eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, ISBN 0-7923-6426, pp. 333–344.
Ateshian,  G. A., 1993, “A B-spline Least-Square Surface-Fitting Method for Articular Surfaces of Diarthroidal Joints,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 115, pp. 366–373.
Wismans,  J., Velpaus,  F., Janssen,  J., Huson,  A., and Struben,  P., 1980, “A Three-dimensional Mathematical Model of the Knee-joint,” J. Biomech., 13, pp. 677–685.
Limaiem,  A., and ElMaraghy,  A. H., 1999, “Curve and Surface Modeling with Uncertainties Using Dual Kriging,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 121, pp. 249–255.
Grood,  E. S., and Suntay,  W. J., 1983, “A Joint Coordinate System for the Clinical Description of Three-dimensional Motion: Application to the Knee,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 105, pp. 136–144.
Cole,  G. K., Nigg,  B. M., Ronsky,  J. L., and Yeadon,  M. R., 1993, “Application of the Joint Coordinate System to Three-dimensional Joint Attitude and Movement Representation: A Standardization Proposal,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 115, pp. 344–349.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Wilson and O’Connor equivalent mechanism
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SM equivalent mechanism
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GKM equivalent mechanism
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KM equivalent mechanism
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Tibial rotation versus flexion
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Ab/Adduction versus flexion
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Antero posterior displacement versus flexion
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Medio lateral displacement versus flexion
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Proximal distal displacement versus flexion

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