0
TECHNICAL PAPERS: Joint/Whole Body

A 3D Biomechanical Model of the Hand for Power Grip

[+] Author and Article Information
Joaquı́n L. Sancho-Bru, A. Pérez-González, M. Vergara

Departament de Tecnologia, Universitat Jaume I. Campus de Riu Sec. 12071 Castelló, Spain

D. J. Giurintano

Paul Brand Biomechanics Laboratory, National Hansen’s Disease Programs, 1770 Physicians Park Drive, Baton Rouge, LA

J Biomech Eng 125(1), 78-83 (Feb 14, 2003) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1532791 History: Received October 01, 2001; Revised August 01, 2002; Online February 14, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Brand, P. W., and Hollister, A. M., 1999, “Clinical Mechanics of the Hand,” 3rd Ed., Mosby Inc., St. Louis.
Mital,  A., and Kilbom,  A., 1992, “Design, Selection and Use of Hand Tools to Alleviate Trauma of the Upper Extremities: Part II—The Scientific Basis (Knowledge Base) for the Guide,” International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 10 , pp. 7–21.
Chao,  E. Y., Opgrande,  J. D., and Axmear,  F. E., 1976, “Three Dimensional Force Analysis of Finger Joints in Selected Isometric Hand Functions,” J. Biomech., 9, pp. 387–395.
Chao,  E. Y., and An,  K. N., 1978, “Graphical Interpretation of the Solution to the Redundant Problem in Biomechanics,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 100, pp. 159–167.
Casolo, F., and Lorenzi, V., 1994, “Finger Mathematical Modelling and Rehabilitation,” Advances in the Biomechanics of the Hand and Wrist, F. Schuind et al., eds., Plenum Press, New York, pp. 197–223.
Biryukova, E. V., and Yourovskaya, V. Z., 1994, “A Model of Human Hand Dynamics,” Advances in the Biomechanics of the Hand and Wrist, F. Schuind et al. eds., Plenum Press, New York, pp. 107–122.
Mansour, J. M., Rouvas, C., Sarangapani, J., Hendrix, L., and Crago, P. E., 1994, “Quantitative Functional Anatomy of Finger Muscles: Application to Controlled Grasp,” Advances in the Biomechanics of the Hand and Wrist, F. Schuind et al., eds., Plenum Press, New York, pp. 177–188.
Brook,  N., Mizrahi,  J., Shoham,  M., and Dayan,  J., 1995, “A Biomechanical Model of Index Finger Dynamics,” Med. Eng. Phys., 17, pp. 54–63.
Esteki,  A., and Mansour,  J. M., 1997, “A Dynamic Model of the Hand with Application in Functional Neuromuscular Stimulation,” Ann. Biomed. Eng., 25, pp. 440–451.
Valero-Cuevas,  F. J., Zajac,  F. E., and Burgar,  C. G., 1998, “Large Index-fingertip Forces are Produced by Subject-independent Patterns of Muscle Excitation,” J. Biomech., 31, pp. 693–703.
Sancho-Bru,  J. L., Pérez-González,  A., Vergara-Monedero,  M., and Giurintano,  D. J., 2001, “A 3-D Dynamic Model of Human Finger for Studying Free Movements,” J. Biomech., 34(11), pp. 1491–1500.
Lee,  J. W., and Rim,  K., 1990, “Maximum Finger Force Prediction Using a Planar Simulation of the Middle Finger,” Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 204 , pp. 169–178.
An,  K. N., Chao,  E. Y. S., Cooney,  W. P., and Linscheid,  R. L., 1979, “Normative Model of Human Hand for Biomechanical Analysis,” J. Biomech., 12, pp. 775–788.
Buchholz,  B., Armstrong,  T. J., and Goldstein,  S. A., 1992, “Anthropometric Data for Describing the Kinematics of the Human Hand,” Ergonomics, 35(3), pp. 261–273.
Sancho-Bru, J. L., 2000, “Model Biomecànic de la mà Orientat al Disseny d’eines Manuals,” Ph.D. thesis, Universitat Jaume I, Castelló.
Hill,  A. V., 1938, “The Heat of Shortening and Dynamic Constants of Muscle,” Proc. R. Soc. London, 126, pp. 136–195.
Landsmeer,  J. M. F., 1961, “Studies in the Anatomy of Articulation,” Acta Morphol. Neerl Scand., 3, pp. 287–321.
Eyler,  D. L., and Markee,  J. E., 1954, “The Anatomy and Function of the Intrinsic Musculature of the Fingers,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 36-A, pp. 1–18.
Youm,  Y., Gillespie,  T. T., Flatt,  A. E., and Sprague,  B. L., 1978, “Kinematic Investigation of Normal MCP Joint,” J. Biomech., 11, pp. 109–118.
Lee,  J. W., and Rim,  K., 1991, “Measurement of Finger Joint Angles and Maximum Finger Forces During Cylinder Grip Activity,” J. Biomed. Eng., 13, pp. 152–162.
Vergara,  M., Sancho-Bru,  J. L., and Pérez-González,  A., 2001, “Description and Validation of a Non-invasive Technique to Measure Hand Segment Posture,” Clin. Biomech. (Los Angel. Calif.), submitted.
Ejeskär,  A., and Örtengren,  R., 1981, “Isolated Finger Flexion Force- A Methodological Study,” The Hand, 13 (3), pp. 223–230.
Brand,  P. W., Beach,  R. B., and Thompson,  D. E., 1981, “Relative Tension and Potential Excursion of Muscles in the Forearm and Hand,” J. Hand Surg. [Am], 6(3), pp. 209–219.
Long,  C., Conrad,  P. W., Hall,  E. A., and Furler,  S. L., 1970, “Intrinsic-extrinsic Muscle Control of the Hand in Power Grip and Precision Handling,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 52A, pp. 853–867.
Valero-Cuevas,  F. J., 2000, “Predictive Modulation of Muscle Coordination Pattern Magnitude Scales Fingertip Force Magnitude Over the Voluntary Range,” J. Clin. Neurophysiol., 83(3), pp. 1469–1479.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Parameters used to scale the model: HL (hand length) and HB (hand breadth)
Grahic Jump Location
Sketch of the extensor mechanisms of the fingers (dorsal view): (a) index finger; (b) medial finger; (c) ring finger; (d) little finger
Grahic Jump Location
Modeling MCP collateral ligament using a straight line joining the insertion points on both bones
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental averaged total grip force measured by Lee and Rim 20 and estimated values by the model for the female and male subjects, and its mean
Grahic Jump Location
Force distribution among fingers: (a) measured by Lee and Rim 20; (b) estimated by the model for the female subject
Grahic Jump Location
Different views of the postures considered in the simulation of the cylinder grip for the male subject over cylinders of 38.1 mm (upper figures) and 25.4 mm (lower figures)
Grahic Jump Location
Estimated muscle activities for the female subject grasping a cylinder of 38.1 mm while exerting the maximal grasping force, and 50% of the estimated maximal force
Grahic Jump Location
Index and medial muscle force reductions when the handle diameter is varied from largest (the diameter providing the smallest maximal force) to smallest, expressed as percentage reduction from the muscle forces predicted for the largest diameter. The simulations have been performed over the female subject. The smallest maximal force previously estimated for the five diameters has been considered as the gripping force for each of the postures.

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In