0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Measurement of Distribution of Maximum Index-Fingertip Force in all Directions at Fingertip in Flexion/Extension Plane

[+] Author and Article Information
Ryuichi Yokogawa, Kei Hara

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyo-tanabe, Kyoto, 610-0321, Japan

J Biomech Eng 124(3), 302-307 (May 21, 2002) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1468637 History: Received March 01, 2000; Received January 01, 2002; Online May 21, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Force , Muscle
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Salisbury,  J. K., Craig,  J. J., 1982, “Articulated Hands: Force Control and Kinematic Issues,” Int. J. Robot. Res., 1(1), pp. 4–17.
Yoshikawa,  T., 1985, “Manipulability of Robotic Mechanisms,” Int. J. Robot. Res., 4(2), pp. 3–9.
Zajac,  F. E., 1989, “Muscle and Tension: Properties, Models Scaling, and Application to Biomechanics and Motor Control,” Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng., 17(4), pp. 359–411.
Kaufman,  K. R., An,  K. N., and Chao,  E. Y. S., 1989, “Incorporation of Muscle Architecture into the Muscle Length-Tension Relationship,” J. Biomech., 22(8/9), pp. 943–948.
Keir,  P. J., Wells,  R. P., and Ranney,  D. A., 1996, “Passive Properties of the Forearm Musculature With Reference to Hand and Finger Posture,” Clin. Biomech. (Los Angel. Calif.), 11(7), pp. 401–409.
Long,  C., 1968, “Intrinsic-Extrinsic Muscle Control of the Fingers: Electromyographic Studies,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., Am. 50A(5), pp. 973–984.
Long,  C., Conrad,  P. W., Hall,  E. A., and Furler,  S. L., 1970, “Intrin-sic-Extrinsic Muscle Control of the Hand in Power Grip and Precision Handling,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., Am. 52A(5), pp. 853–867.
Sommerich, C. M., Marras, W. S., and Parnianpour, M., 1995, “Activity of Index Finger Muscles During Typing,” Proc. The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 39th Annual Meeting, pp. 620–624.
Maier,  M. A., and Hepp-Reymond,  M. C., 1995, “EMG Activation Patterns During Force Production in Precision Grip I. Contribution of 15 Finger Muscles to Isometric Force,” Exp. Brain Res., 103, pp. 108–122.
Valero-Cuevas,  F. J., Zajac,  F. E., and Burgar,  C. G., 1998, “Large Index-Fingertip Forces are Produced by Subject-Independent Pattern of Muscle Excitation,” J. Biomech., 31, pp. 693–703.
Valero-Cuevas,  F. J., 2000, “Predictive Modulation of Muscle Coordination Pattern Magnitude Scale Fingertip Force Magnitude over the Voluntary Range,” Neurophysiology, 83, pp. 1469–1479.
Dempsey,  P. G., and Ayoub,  M. M., 1996, “The Influence of Gender, Grasp Type, Pinch Width and Wrist Position on Sustained Pinch Strength,” Int. J. Ind. Ergonom., 17, pp. 259–273.
Radwin,  R. G., and Oh,  S., 1992, “External Finger Forces in Sub-maximal Five-Finger Static Pinch Prehension,” Ergonomics, 35(3), pp. 275–288.
Imrhan,  S. N., and Sundararajan,  K., 1992, “An Investigation of Finger Pull Strengths,” Ergonomics, 35(3), pp. 289–299.
Duque,  J., Masset,  D., and Malchaire,  J., 1995, “Evaluation of Handgrip Force from EMG Measurements,” Appl. Ergon, 26(1), pp. 61–66.
Rash,  G. S., Belliappa,  P. P., Wachowiak,  M. P., Somia,  N. N., and Gupta,  A., 1999, “A Demonstration of the Validity of a 3-D Video Motion Analysis Method for Measuring Finger Flexion and Extension,” J. Biomech., 32, pp. 1337–1341.
Rice, J., 1988, “Mathematical Statistics and Data Analysis,” Wadsworth Inc., Belmont, California.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Distribution of Fingertip Force, and Coordinates
Grahic Jump Location
Diagrammatic Sketch of Measurement System. Each subject was asked to sit with his/her right arm (the arm more skillful than the other) held stationary on a desk. The wrist was positioned in neutral radial deviation so that the back of the index finger and the forearm might be on the same line. The fingertip of a subject was connected to the manipulator using a thimble that rotated freely on the Y-axis perpendicular to the x-z plane in Fig. 1. The thimble functioned so that no fingertip moment was generated around the Y-axis.
Grahic Jump Location
Index-Finger Postures and Fingertip Force Distributions of Measurement at θ1=20 deg in Flexion/Extension Plane. A distribution of fingertip force of each subject was normalized so that the area of the distribution of fingertip force of one subject was equal to the average area of distributions of fingertip force of the five subjects.
Grahic Jump Location
Index-Finger Postures and Fingertip Force Distributions of Measurement at (θ23)=(20 deg, 2 deg) in Flexion/Extension Plane. A distribution of fingertip force of each subject was normalized so that the area of the distribution of fingertip force of one subject was equal to the average area of distributions of fingertip force of the five subjects.

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In