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TECHNICAL PAPERS

A Biomechanical Model of the Foot: The Role of Muscles, Tendons, and Ligaments

[+] Author and Article Information
Eric P. Salathe

Department of Mathematics and Institute for Biomedical Engineering and Mathematical Biology, Lehigh University, 14 E. Packer Avenue, Bethlehem, PA 18015-3175e-mail: EPS0@Lehigh.edu

G. A. Arangio

Lehigh Valley Hospital, 798 Hausman Road, Suite 100, Allentown, PA 18104

J Biomech Eng 124(3), 281-287 (May 21, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1468865 History: Received September 21, 2000; Revised December 11, 2001; Online May 21, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

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Salathe,  E. P., Arangio,  G. A., and Salathe,  E. P., 1990, “The Foot as a Shock Absorber,” J. Biomech., 23, pp. 655–659.
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Arangio,  G. A., Phillippy,  D. C., Xiao,  D., Gu,  W. K., and Salathe,  E. P., 2000, “Subtalar Pronation—Relationship to the Medial Longitudinal Arch Loading in the Normal Foot,” Decubitus, 21, pp. 216–220.
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
The lines of action of the flexor hallucis longus (HL), the flexor digitorum longus (DL), and the tibialis posterior (TP) in supporting the body weight over the foot
Grahic Jump Location
The lines of action of the body weight (BW), and of the peroneus longus (PL), the peroneus brevis (PB), and the tendo calcaneus (TC) in supporting the body weight over the foot, and the location and orientation of the ankle joint axis (AJA) and the subtalar joint axis (SJA)
Grahic Jump Location
The points of application and the lines of action of the forces due to the plantar aponeurosis and the long plantar ligament
Grahic Jump Location
The dorsal pivot points of the joints
Grahic Jump Location
The points of application and the lines of action of the flexor digitorum longus (DL) and the tibialis posterior (TP) acting on the foot
Grahic Jump Location
The points of application and the lines of action of the peroneus longus (PL) and the peroneus brevis (PB) acting on the foot

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