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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Application of Type Synthesis Theory to the Redesign of a Complex Surgical Instrument

[+] Author and Article Information
Jonas J. B. Lim, Arthur G. Erdman

Department of Mechanical Engineering, 111 Church St S.E., University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455

J Biomech Eng 124(3), 265-272 (May 21, 2002) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1468635 History: Received March 24, 1999; Revised February 05, 2002; Online May 21, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Vitale, G. C., Sanfilippo, J. S., and Perissat, J., 1995, Laparoscopic Surgery: An Atlas for General Surgeons, J. B. Lippincott Company.
Sandor, G. N., and Erdman, A. G., 1984, Advanced Mechanism Design: Analysis and Synthesis, Vol 2, Prentice Hall, (a) “Planar Kinematic Pairs-Link Joints,” pp. 21, (b) “Kinematic Diagrams,” pp. 5–14, (c) “Tasks of Kinematic Synthesis,” pp. 52–63, (d) “Six-Bar Chains,” pp. 14–15.
Soni, A. H., 1974, Mechanism Synthesis and Analysis, R. E. Krieger Pub. Co., pp. 3–10.
Titus, J. E., Erdman, A. G., and Riley, D. R., 1990, “Techniques of Type Synthesis of Mechanisms.” 1990 NSC-NSF Joint Seminar on Recent Developments in Mechanical Design, National Cheng Kong University, Tainan, Taiwan.
Erdman, A. G., and Sandor, G. N., 2001, Mechanism Design: Analysis and Synthesis, Vol 1, Prentice Hall, (a) “Degrees Of Freedom,” pp. 21–30, (b) “Mechanical Advantage,” pp. 165–176.
Crossley, F. R. E., 1965, “The Permutation of Kinematic Chains of 8 Members or Less from the Graph-Theoretic Viewpoint,” Developments in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Vol 2, Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp. 467–486.
Freudenstein, F., and Maki, E. R., 1979, “The Creation of Mechanism according to Kinematic Structure and Function,” General Motors Research Laboratories, GMR-3073, September 11.
Harary, F., 1969, Graph Theory, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass.
Hsu, C. H., 1992, “An Application of Generalized Kinematic Chains to the Structural Synthesis of Non-Fractionated Epicyclic Gear Trains,” ASME Mechanisms Conf., DE-Vol. 46, pp. 451–458.
Hsu,  C. H., and Wu,  Y. C., 1998, “A Methodology for Systematic Synthesis of Two-DOF Gear Differentials,” JSME Int. J., Ser. C, 41(2), pp. 299–306.
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Yan,  H. S., and Chen,  J. J., 1975, “Creative Design of a Wheel Damping Mechanism.” Mech. Mach. Theory, 10, Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp. 375–383.
Johnson, R. C., 1978, Mechanical Design Synthesis-Creative Design and Optimization, Krieger, Huntington, N.Y.
Mruthyunjaya,  T. S., and Raghavan,  M. R., 1984, “Computer Aided Analysis of the Structure of Kinematic Chains,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 19, pp. 357–368.
Mruthyunjaya,  T. S., and Balasubramanian,  H. R., 1987, “In Quest of a Reliable and Efficient Computational Test for Detection of Isomorphism in Kinematic Chains,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 22, pp. 131–139.
Tuttle, E. R., Peterson, S. W., and Titus, J. E., 1998, “Further Application of Group Theory to the Enumeration and Structural Analysis of Basic Kinematic Chains,” Trends and Developments in Mechanisms, Machines, and Robotics-1988, Vol. 1, ASME Design Technology Conference, Kissimmee, Fla. pp. 173–177.
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Mastri, D. L., Viola, F. J., Alesi, Jr, T. W., and Geiste, R. J., 1998 “Surgical Stapler,” United States Patent, patent number: 5,762,256, date of patent: June 9th.
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Figures

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Handle assembly in its unassembled state
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Essential components in the handle assembly when actuation handle 26 is fully squeezed
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Kinematic diagram of handle assembly during actuation (mode one)
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Kinematic diagram of handle assembly during retraction (mode two)
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Extracted locking mechanism for handle assembly
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Cam joint and its LP equivalent kinematic diagram
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Sample kinematic chains with one compliant joint and an HP
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Concept of a locking mechanism
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Kinematic diagram of original input mechanism during actuation
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Kinematic diagram of original input mechanism during retraction
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Kinematic diagram during actuation
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Kinematic diagram during actuation
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Concept created using Fig. 13
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Kinematic diagram for the concept during retraction
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A concept for the handle assembly
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Manual lever for unlocking the rack
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Kinematic diagram for the new concept during actuation
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Kinematic diagram for new concept during retraction

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