0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

The Generalized Torque Approach for Analyzing the Results of Pedaling Tests

[+] Author and Article Information
Alberto Doria, Roberto Lot

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Padova, Via Venezia, 35131 Padova, Italy

J Biomech Eng 123(1), 33-39 (Oct 16, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1336799 History: Received May 28, 1998; Revised October 16, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Kautz,  S. A., and Hull,  M. L., 1995, “Dynamic Optimization Analysis for Equipment Setup Problems in Endurance Cycling,” J. Biomech., 28, pp 317–329.
Sinclair,  P. J., Davis,  G. M., Smith,  R. M., Cheam,  B. S., and Sutton,  J. R., 1996, “Pedal Forces Produced During Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Cycling in Paraplegics,” Clin. Biomech., 11, pp. 51–57.
Hull,  M. L., and Jorge,  M., 1985, “A Method for Biomechanical Analysis of Bicycle Pedalling,” J. Biomech., 18, pp. 631–644.
Kautz,  S. A., and Hull,  M. L., 1993, “A Theoretical Basis for Interpreting the Force Applied to the Pedal in Cycling,” J. Biomech., 26, pp. 155–165.
Broker,  J. P., and Gregor,  R. J., 1994, “Mechanical Energy Management in Cycling: Source Relations and Energy Expenditure,” Med. Sci. Sports Exercise, 26, pp. 64–74.
van Ingen Schenau,  G. J., van Woensel,  W. W. L. M., Boots,  P. J. M., Snackers,  R. W., and de Groot,  G., 1990, “Determination and Interpretation of Mechanical Power in Human Movement: Application to Ergometer Cycling,” Eur. J. Applied Physiology, 61, pp. 11–19.
Cossalter, V., and Doria, A., 1996, “Identification of Optimum Cycling Conditions,” Proc. Conf. Identification in Engineering Systems, UK, pp. 117–126.
Fregly,  B. J., and Zajac,  X. Y., 1996, “A State-Space Analysis of Mechanical Energy Generation, Absorption and Transfer During Pedaling,” J. Biomech., 29, pp. 81–90.
Redfield,  B., and Hull,  M. L., 1986, “On the Relation Between Joint Moments and Pedalling Rates at Constant Power in Bicycling,” J. Biomech., 19, pp. 1391–1401.
Neptune,  R. R., and Hull,  M. L., 1995, “Accuracy Assessment of Methods for Determining Hip Movement in Seated Cycling,” J. Biomech., 28, pp. 423–437.
Doughty, S., 1988, Mechanics of Machines, Wiley, New York.
Burton, Paul, 1979, Kinematics and Dynamics of Planar Machinery, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Carretta, C., Cossalter, V., Doria, A., and Lot, R., 1997, “Sviluppo di una Macchina per lo Studio della Cinematica e Dinamica della Pedalata,” Proc. XIII Congresso Nazionale dell'Associazione Italiana di Meccanica Teorica ed Applicata, Siena, Italy, Vol. 2, pp. 25–30 [in Italian].
Rowe,  T., Hull,  M. L., and Wang,  E. L., 1998, “A Pedal Dynamometer for Off-Road Bicycling,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 120, pp. 160–164.
Barlett, R., 1997, Introduction to Sports Biomechanics, E&FN SPON, London.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Mathematical model of the leg
Grahic Jump Location
Foot rotation θ2 versus crank rotation θ1 in several pedal cycles of a professional cyclist (cadence 84 rpm, load 37.7 Nm)
Grahic Jump Location
Generalized torques of the professional cyclist: (a) total generalized torques caused by gravity (∑Gi*), inertia (∑Ni*), and muscle action (∑Mi*), (b) generalized torques caused by net muscle joint torques (Mi*), (c) generalized torques caused by gravity forces (Gi*), (d) generalized torques caused by inertia forces (Ni*). (cadence 84±1 rpm, load 37±2 Nm.)
Grahic Jump Location
Generalized torques of the amateur cyclist: (a) total generalized torques caused by gravity (∑Gi*), inertia (∑Ni*) and muscle action (∑Mi*), (b) generalized torques caused by net muscle joint torques (Mi*), (c) generalized torques caused by gravity forces (Gi*), (d) generalized torques caused by inertia forces (Ni*). (cadence 84 ±1 rpm, load 35±2 Nm.)
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison between net muscle torques (M3) generated by the knee of the professional and the amateur cyclist

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In