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TECHNICAL PAPERS

A Hub Dynamometer for Measurement of Wheel Forces in Off-Road Bicycling

[+] Author and Article Information
D. S. De Lorenzo, M. L. Hull

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616

J Biomech Eng 121(1), 132-137 (Feb 01, 1999) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2798034 History: Received June 19, 1997; Revised October 08, 1998; Online October 30, 2007

Abstract

A dynamometric hubset that measures the two ground contact force components acting on a bicycle wheel in the plane of the bicycle during off-road riding while either coasting or braking was designed, constructed, and evaluated. To maintain compatibility with standard mountain bike construction, the hubs use commercially available shells with modified, strain gage-equipped axles. The axle strain gages are sensitive to forces acting in the radial and tangential directions, while minimizing sensitivity to transverse forces, steering moments, and variations in the lateral location of the center of pressure. Static calibration and a subsequent accuracy check that computed differences between applied and apparent loads developed during coasting revealed root mean squared errors of 1 percent full-scale or less (full-scale load = 4500 N). The natural frequency of the rear hub with the wheel attached exceeded 350 Hz. These performance capabilities make the dynamometer useful for its intended purpose during coasting. To demonstrate this usefulness, sample ground contact forces are presented for a subject who coasted downhill over rough terrain. The dynamometric hubset can also be used to determine ground contact forces during braking providing that the brake reaction force components are known. However, compliance of the fork can lead to high cross-sensitivity and corresponding large (>5 percent FS) measurement errors at the front wheel.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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