Cervical Spine Vertebral and Facet Joint Kinematics Under Whiplash

[+] Author and Article Information
N. Yoganandan, F. A. Pintar

Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin; Department of Veteran’s Affairs Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI 53226

M. Klienberger

Office of Crashworthiness Research, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC

J Biomech Eng 120(2), 305-307 (Apr 01, 1998) (3 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2798318 History: Received February 27, 1997; Revised July 31, 1997; Online October 30, 2007


Whiplash injuries sustained during a rear-end automobile collision have significant societal impact. The scientific literature on whiplash loading is both diverse and confusing. Definitive studies are lacking to describe the local mechanisms of injury that induce either acute or chronic pain symptoms. A methodology has been presented to quantify the kinematics of the cervical spine components by inducing controlled whiplash-type forces to intact human head-neck complexes. The localized facet joint kinematics and the overall segmental motions of the cervical spine are presented. It is anticipated that the use of this methodology will assist in a better delineation of the localized mechanisms of injury leading to whiplash pain.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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