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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Characteristics of Glottis-Induced Turbulence in Oscillatory Flow: An Empirical Investigation

[+] Author and Article Information
Yongchul Choi, D. E. Wroblewski

Boston University, Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, Boston, MA 02215

J Biomech Eng 120(2), 217-226 (Apr 01, 1998) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2798305 History: Received July 12, 1996; Revised August 18, 1997; Online October 30, 2007

Abstract

Turbulence inducement from the glottis was scrutinized by employing an idealized model of the larynx and trachea for oscillatory flow conditions. The characterization of turbulence was achieved with the two-component velocity measurements of split-film probe anemometry and with the flow visualization of a smoke-wire technique. The apertures of two different (triangular and circular) shapes were utilized in the airway model to address the distinct effects of the triangular-shaped glottal aperture on the generation, development, and decay of turbulence. One of the salient turbulence characteristics for the triangular aperture case was found to be the relatively high turbulence levels around the center region (2r/D ~ 0) in conjunction with the asymmetric mean axial velocity across the frontal-rear (A-O-P) plane of the trachea at one tracheal diameter (x/D = 1) downstream from the glottis. The detailed turbulence properties such as the Reynolds shear stresses and turbulence intensities for the triangular aperture case differed significantly from those for the circular aperture case within a few tracheal diameters (x/D < 7) downstream from the apertures. The glottis-induced turbulence was incipient during the acceleration phase of inspiration and convected downstream with the traits of decaying turbulence.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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