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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Aspects of the Mechanics of Lobed Liposomes

[+] Author and Article Information
D. C. Pamplona

Department of Civil Engineering, PUC-rio, Rio de Janeiro CEP 22453, Brasil

C. R. Calladine

Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, U.K.

J Biomech Eng 118(4), 482-488 (Nov 01, 1996) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2796034 History: Received November 15, 1994; Revised October 10, 1995; Online October 30, 2007

Abstract

Hotani has studied, by means of dark-field light microscopy, morphological transformations which unilamellar liposomes undergo when their interior volume decreases steadily with time as a consequence of osmosis. In a previous paper, we made a theoretical study of the initial buckling of an originally spherical vesicle into the observed oblate spheroidal shape; and we argued that some in-plane shear elastic stiffness is required—in addition to the well-known flexural stiffness of the lipid bilayer—in order to explain the observed phenomena. In the present paper, we consider a later stage in the chain of morphological transitions observed by Hotani, when a series of cudgel-shaped lobes have sprung out of a previously axisymmetric, biconcave-shaped vesicle. Specifically, we compare the observed shapes of such lobes with half of a series of “peanut”-shaped vesicles that are an equilibrium conformation of an initially spherical liposome under reduced internal volume. We find that the shapes do not match well. On the other hand, the observed lobe forms do match satisfactorily portions of “undulating tube” shapes which evolve from a hypothetical cylindrical vesicle, according to some simple calculations. In view of this agreement, we are led to propose that the formation of cudgel-shaped lobes requires some sliding of one lipid monolayer over another. This conflicts, of course, with the Love-Kirchhoff hypothesis which is normally invoked at the outset of analyses of lipid vesicles by means of classical thin-shell theory; but it is in accord with previous suggestions in the context of more obviously severe distortion of the lipid bilayer.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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