Large Curvature Effect on Pulsatile Entrance Flow in a Curved Tube: Model Experiment Simulating Blood Flow in an Aortic Arch

[+] Author and Article Information
T. Naruse, K. Tanishita

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 223, Japan

J Biomech Eng 118(2), 180-186 (May 01, 1996) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2795957 History: Received July 24, 1994; Revised April 25, 1995; Online October 30, 2007


We measured the velocity profiles of pulsatile entrance flow in a strongly curved tube using a laser-Doppler anemometer in order to simulate blood flow in the aortic arch under various conditions, i.e., a ratio of tube to curvature radius of 1/3, Womersley parameters of 12 and 18, and peak Dean number up to 1200. Axial isovelocity contours of the cross-section showed the potential vortex to be near the entrance, and with the maximum velocity there being skewed towards the inner wall; thereafter shifting towards the outer wall. During the deceleration phase, reverse axial flow occurred near the inner wall, and a region of this flow extended downstream. The large curvature contributes to the enhancement of the secondary flow and flow reversal, which elevates the wall-shear stress oscillations. The location of elevated wall-shear oscillations corresponds to the vessel wall region where atherosclerotic formation frequently occurs; thereby indicating that both the large curvature and pulsatility play key roles in formation of localized atherosclerotic lesions.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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