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RESEARCH PAPERS

Optimization of the Contact Damping and Stiffness Coefficients to Minimize Human Body Vibration

[+] Author and Article Information
F. M. L. Amirouche, M. Xie

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60680

A. Patwardhan

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL 60153

J Biomech Eng 116(4), 413-420 (Nov 01, 1994) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2895792 History: Received October 19, 1991; Revised January 10, 1994; Online March 17, 2008

Abstract

In this paper, a lumped mass human model is used to minimize the energy absorption at the feet/hip level when the body is subjected to vertical vibration. The contact forces are assumed unknown. By coupling the dynamic response of the body with certain objective criteria, the optimum damping and stiffness coefficients of shoes/ chairs are sought. The optimization technique is based on the quasi-Newton and finite-difference gradient method and is used to seek optimum coefficients of the contact forces in the solution of the body’s response in the frequency domain. The criteria of acceleration, displacement and internal forces response area swept for a range of 0–15 Hz form the basis of our simulation study. In the seated/standing postures it is found that for each criteria the frequency response shifts the peak of resonance of each body segment response from 4.5/3.67 Hz to 2.5/2.255 Hz. In addition, the total energy reduces drastically when the contact conditions are optimum. The method presented in this paper is useful in modeling the medium of contacts and especially in controlling the effects of human body vibration.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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