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RESEARCH PAPERS

Biomechanics of Diarthrodial Joints: A Review of Twenty Years of Progress

[+] Author and Article Information
Van C. Mow, Gerard A. Ateshian

Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Orthopaedic Surgery, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032

Robert L. Spilker

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering & Mechanics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY

J Biomech Eng 115(4B), 460-467 (Nov 01, 1993) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2895525 History: Revised July 19, 1993; Online March 17, 2008

Abstract

A survey of some of the advances made over the past twenty years in understanding diarthrodial joint biomechanics is presented. Topics covered in this review include: biotribology (i.e., friction, lubrication and wear of diarthrodial joints); contact area determinations; stereophotogrammetric rendering of articular surfaces; deformational field analysis using canonical problems; and finite element formulations for both infinitesimal and finite deformations of diphasic materials and precise anatomic surfaces. Suggestions are made for future research directions as well.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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