RESEARCH PAPERS: Additional Research Papers

Computer Simulation of Occupant Neck Response to Airbag Deployment in Frontal Impacts

[+] Author and Article Information
K. H. Yang, B. K. Latouf, A. I. King

Bioengineering Center and Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202

J Biomech Eng 114(3), 327-331 (Aug 01, 1992) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2891391 History: Received May 24, 1990; Revised December 21, 1991; Online March 17, 2008


A mathematical simulation was performed to study the potential of head and neck injury to an unbelted driver restrained by an airbag. The baseline study represented a 50th percentile male dummy driving in a compact car with the steering wheel perpendicular to the floor. The vehicle was moving at 48 km/hour at the time of impact. Model predictions were compared with sled test results. The data agreed reasonably well. A parametric study was performed to study the effect of changing the steering wheel angle and the size of the airbag. It was found that when the standard 20 degrees angle steering wheel was used, neck joint torques were decreased by 22 percent while the resultant head acceleration increased 41 percent from the base line study. When the vertical dimension of the airbag was reduced by 10 percent, neck joint torques were increased by 14 percent, while head acceleration showed a slight decrease of 9 percent.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.





Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In