Finite Element Stress Analysis of a Push-Out Test Part II: Free Interface With Nonlinear Friction Properties

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Shirazi-Adl, A. Forcione

Applied Mechanics Section, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 3A7

J Biomech Eng 114(2), 155-161 (May 01, 1992) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2891366 History: Received May 15, 1989; Revised April 20, 1991; Online March 17, 2008


In this second part of a two-part paper, nonlinear frictional properties measured at the bone/porous-surfaced metal interface are used to perform the stress analysis of a push-out test assuming free interface. In this case, the friction at the interface is the only mechanism to resist the externally applied load. Similar to the part I, the model is axisymmetric and consists of two cylinders in contact with each other through the interface. Various relative material properties and boundary conditions are simulated in order to examine their effects on the interface stresses and overall push-out resistance. The role of the force-fit and the load direction (push-out versus pull-out) on the results is also investigated. The computed radial and shear stresses are found to markedly vary both with location along the interface and with the testing configuration. The ultimate push-out resistance is also found to significantly alter as the material arrangement and boundary conditions change. The predicted push-out load augments with an increase in the force-fit and diminishes to nil in the absence of a press-fit. For the cases studied here, there is a relative difference of as large as 13 percent between the push-out response and the pull-out response so far as the interface stresses and the maximum resistance are concerned. Therefore, any comparison between the results of push-out (or pull-out) tests performed with different design configurations appears to be invalid.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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