0
RESEARCH PAPERS

New Mathematical Definition and Calculation of Axial Rotation of Anatomical Joints

[+] Author and Article Information
Shinji Miyazaki, Akimasa Ishida

Institute for Medical and Dental Engineering, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, 101 Japan

J Biomech Eng 113(3), 270-275 (Aug 01, 1991) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2894884 History: Received June 01, 1990; Revised January 15, 1991; Online March 17, 2008

Abstract

In the field of joint kinematics, clinical terms such as internal-external, or medical-lateral, rotations are commonly used to express the rotation of a body segment about its own long axis. However, these terms are not defined in a strict mathematical sense. In this paper, a new mathematical definition of axial rotation is proposed and methods to calculate it from the measured Euler angles are given. The definition is based on the integration of the component of the angular velocity vector projected onto the long axis of the body segment. First, the absolute axial rotation of a body segment with respect to the stationary coordinate system is defined. This definition is then generalized to give the relative axial rotation of one body segment with respect to the other body segment where the two segments are moving in the three-dimensional space. The well-known Codman’s paradox is cited as an example to make clear the difference between the definition so far proposed by other researchers and the new one.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In