0
RESEARCH PAPERS

A Cellular Model of Lung Elasticity

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Kimmel, R. D. Kamm, A. H. Shapiro

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

J Biomech Eng 109(2), 126-131 (May 01, 1987) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3138654 History: Received November 18, 1985; Revised December 29, 1986; Online June 12, 2009

Abstract

The mechanics of the lung parenchyma is studied using models comprised of line members interconnected to form 3-D cellular structures. The mechanical properties are represented as elastic constants of a continuum. These are determined by perturbing each individual cell from a reference state by an increment in stress which is superimposed upon the uniform stretching forces initially present in the members due to the transpulmonary pressure. A force balance on the distorted structure, together with a force-deformation law for the members, leads to a calculation of the strain increments of the members. Predictions based on the analysis of the 3-D isotropic dodecahedron are in good agreement with experimental values for the Young’s, shear, and bulk moduli reported in the literature. The model provides an explanation for the dependence of the elastic moduli on transpulmonary pressure, the geometrical details of the structure, and the stress-strain law of the tissue.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In