Statistical Data Base for the Biomechanical Properties of the Human Shoulder Complex—II: Passive Resistive Properties Beyond the Shoulder Complex Sinus

[+] Author and Article Information
A. E. Engin, S.-M. Chen

Department of Engineering Mechanics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210

J Biomech Eng 108(3), 222-227 (Aug 01, 1986) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3138606 History: Received October 26, 1985; Revised March 10, 1986; Online June 12, 2009


In mathematical modeling of multi-segmented articulating total-human-body, there is no doubt that the shoulder complex plays one of the most important roles. However, proper biomechanical passive resistive force data have been lacking in the literature. This paper presents determination of the three-dimensional passive resistive joint properties beyond the maximal voluntary shoulder complex sinus. A functional expansion with two spherical angular variables in the local joint axis system is proposed to fit the overall restoring force (moment) data. A constant restoring force (moment) contour map as well as a three-dimensional perspective view of the results are presented in a new coordinate system defined in this study. Finally, a statistical data base is established by utilizing the statistical analysis procedures discussed in Part I [9] of this paper.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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