Stress Analysis and Failure Prediction in the Proximal Femur Before and After Total Hip Replacement

[+] Author and Article Information
H. H. Vichnin

General Electric Space Division, Valley Forge, Pa.

S. C. Batterman

Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 19104

J Biomech Eng 108(1), 33-41 (Feb 01, 1986) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3138577 History: Received May 22, 1983; Revised August 27, 1985; Online June 12, 2009


An investigation was performed to determine the effects of the presence of two lengths of proximal Müller prosthesis on predicted failure loads, as compared to those for an intact femur. Three-dimensional stresses in a bone/cement/prosthesis system were determined using finite element methods, with both isotropic and transversely isotropic material properties used for the diaphyseal cortex. Significant increases in prosthesis stem stresses were found when the transversely isotropic material properties were employed in the diaphyseal cortex. This leads to the conclusion that accurate anisotropic material properties for bone are essential for precise stress determination and optimum design in prosthetic implants. Failure loads were also predicted for vertical compression and axial torque, similar to available experimental conditions, and were within the range of the experimental failure data found in the literature. The technique developed herein can be used to systematically assess existing as well as future implant designs, taking into account the complex three-dimensional interaction effects of the overall bone/cement/prosthesis system.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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